‘Natural’ Retirement Communities: An Idea That Works

Understand how theories try to explain children’s development is somehow challenging in our childcare courses. Some retirement communities are planned, others just happen. The latter are sometimes referred to by urban planners as NORCs – “naturally occurring retirement communities.” They’ve emerged as an attractive way for seniors to age successfully in their homes by tapping into community support services and volunteer programs.

It is estimated that there are thousands of these naturally occurring retirement communities across the United States, and that approximately 27 percent of our senior citizens live in them. So what are NORCs?

AGING IN PLACE

These are communities or neighborhoods where residents have lived and aged together long enough for a naturally occurring retirement community to evolve. Residents have either aged in place by living in their homes for several decades, or older adults have migrated into the same community where they intend to spend the rest of their lives.

NORC is a demographic term used to describe a community not originally designed for seniors, but one that has grown naturally to have 40 to 65% of its residents over age 60. These communities were originally built for young adults and were never intended to meet the particular health and social service needs of seniors.

The term NORC was first coined in the 1980’s by Michael Hunt, a professor of urban planning. NORCs were originally identified in urban settings, but are now found in all geographic locations. They are usually small by design and span a few square miles with a base of 1000 to 3000 people. They can be as small as a city apartment building or as large as a suburban neighborhood with single family homes.

NORCs can be categorized into three types:

  • Classic NORC: This is a single age-integrated apartment building, a housing complex with multiple buildings under common management or a number of apartment buildings clustered together.
  • Neighborhood-Based NORC: This is an age-integrated neighborhood of one- and two-family homes.
  • Rural NORC: This is a large geographic area with a low population density, typically comprised of one-and two-family homes.

DESIGNING & IMPLEMENTING A NORC PROGRAM

NORCs are privately developed and managed, and relatively new, so there is no centralized listing of programs. The best place to find information on NORCs is online. Listed below are a few good sources to help in determining if there’s an existing model that suits your community:

  • The United Hospital Fund at www.norcblueprint.org
  • www.norcs.org
  • Aging Agencies in many states have information on NORCs

Each NORC is different and focuses on local needs and individual communities. Funding, staffing and services should reflect a specific community and the staff may consist of full-time and part-time employees and numerous volunteers. NORCs may be largely supported by member dues of $500 or more per year or seniors may pay little or nothing, with the bulk of the support coming from local foundations, charity-supported agencies and government funds. The key requirement is a healthy mix of private and public funds.

Seniors should play a central role in the development of the NORC program. They are clients with diverse needs and interests, and residents with a rich network of relationships, knowledge and expertise. Effective programs will enable seniors to take on new roles in their communities as leaders and project developers. There is the evolving realization by large numbers of seniors that their participation is required in the building of their later lives. Retirement can extend 25 to 30 years and without a community support system, seniors run the risk of health challenges and isolation.

NATURALLY OCCURRING RETIREMENT COMMUNITY SUPPORTIVE SERVICES PROGRAM

Some organizations and local governments have brought together social services, health care, transportation and residents to develop a NORC supportive services program (NORC-SSP). This program receives funding from private sector contributions; charitable donations; resident membership or activity fees; and federal, state, and local grant funding. NORC-SSPs directly service seniors in the Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities and may provide:

  • Social work case management
  • Transportation
  • Mental health services
  • Social and cultural events
  • Home care
  • Bereavement support
  • Meals
  • Home repair and maintenance
  • Exercise classes
  • Continuing Education programs

NEIGHBORHOOD VILLAGES

There is another type of community that has evolved and may be confused as a NORC; but based on the concentrated percentage of seniors required to be called a NORC, these communities are called neighborhood villages instead. These communities are grassroots movements providing services and programs for their aging population. Some villages provide services and programs for members only who pay annual membership fees, while others charge nothing for services. Some set a minimum age for membership. All rely heavily on neighborhood volunteers. Services provided may be:

  • Transportation
  • Social and educational programs
  • Friendly visits or phone calls
  • Assistance with household repairs and maintenance

Neighborhood villages face constant challenges with funding, and some charge annual membership fees. Others seek funding from other sources. The first neighborhood village was organized in Boston, Massachusetts in 2001 and is called the Beacon Hill Village.

AN ALTERNATIVE IDEA

Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities are the new alternative for aging in place in the neighborhood where you raised your family and made lifelong friends. Options for organizing this type of community may seem overwhelming and complex, but the underlying principle is simplicity: neighbors caring for neighbors in a close-knit community.

Carolyn Cook is a healthcare designer of twenty five years who has taken her expertise into the private home helping people live safely and independently in their homes for as long as they choose. Carolyn is now the Owner of LiveSmart Design–an interior design firm specializing in the residential design of kitchens and bathrooms utilizing the principles of Universal Design, sustainability and healthcare. As an advocate of affordable Senior Housing, a proponent for Universal Design and a Certified Aging-in-Place Specialist, Carolyn frequently presents to local community groups, industry professionals and senior organizations on the topic of Universal Design, Visit-ability and aging-in-place. She is active in the Davidson Committee on Aging, the Falls Prevention Coalition, the National Kitchen and Bath Association and the US Green Building Council. Carolyn can be reached at http://www.livesmartdesign.com.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Carolyn_J_Cook/1481942

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Understanding Electric Pressure Cookers – Pros and Cons

The primary reason why most homeowners and business persons have chosen electrician 24 hours Melbourne services is that we the most co-efficient handymen in Melbourne, especially in terms of maintenance, plumbing, and electrical services. When thinking of ways to prepare food faster, while not sacrificing quality and nutrition, investing in a pressure canner or cooker is one obvious choice.

Now you may also be wondering if you should get a standard or electric model. This article will help you understand and avoid the pitfalls and appreciate the convenience an electric pressure cooker has to offer vs a traditional model.

CONS:

Lets start with the “Cons” since they are a bit more subtle, but understanding those will help you better contextualize the “Pros”.

1) Less durability: Typically electric models do not last as long as their non-electric counterparts. You can see this reflected in the shorter warranties on an electric vs. traditional model. The reason for this? With more complicated parts and electronics on an electric pressure cooker there is more possibility for failure. Many newer models come with extra electronics, press button displays, and other convenient features. Generally electronics do not like the excessive heat with which these appliances operate. Durability varies by brand and quality, some are better than others, but as a rule it is true electric models may not last as long.

2) Lower PSI: To operate a pressure cooker it needs high pressure, measured in pounds per square inch (PSI). Higher pressure makes steam hotter than normal and allows food to cook faster. Often times electric pressure cookers, especially the older ones, cannot achieve the 15 PSI that is standard for traditional models. I’m sure It has something to do with the heating units, as well as safety concerns and costs factors. Whatever the reason, you have to be cautious when getting an Electric model, they often top out at 9-12 PSI. Lower PSI means lower temperature and thus slower cooking. Moreover, it is an annoyance since most pressure cooker recipes assume 15 PSI, so adjusting can be a pain. Basically, get one that goes to 15 PSI if you can.

3) Historical Safety issues: This is more of a problem with older models, and I think honestly, the lax attitude of users resulting in user error. Because electric pressure cookers are so easy, people often push limits unintentionally or leave it unattended for long periods on ill advised settings. Some have noted that electric pressure cookers tend to have less redundant safety valves than the traditional designs do. This is true, you may want to stay away from those models. But some of the horror stories can be explained by misuse. If you accidentally over fill with liquid (a big no-no) it increases the likelihood of clogging and overflow. Compounded that with not being in the room to see the overflow occurring, and you can see how big disasters might occur, generating bad rap through user error. Don’t worry, If you follow the manual, especially on new models, you will likely never have an issue.

PROS:

The Pros are much more straightforward:

1) Ease of use and Convenience: This is huge, with all the automatic timers, food specific cooking settings, PSI adjustment and other features that can be loaded onto an electric model, they save a bunch of time. Also, some will argue this cancels out the lower PSI issues, since if the cooker can be started with the touch of a button and walked away from, who cares if it takes a bit longer to cook?

2) Consistent heating: Electric designs have the heating source inside them. A traditional cooker may have to deal with various cooking surfaces such as gas range, electrical coil or glass top. When it comes to a gas range, traditional pressure cookers perform masterfully, but some people report problems with electric ranges. The reason is that pressure cookers want an even, steady heat. If temperature bounces around too much then pressure is inconstant which makes calculating cooking time difficult, risking over or under cooking. Often people over-correct with glass top and coil ranges due to the nature of how they heat. I’ve never found a problem cooking on a glass top, but even If you do run into this problem you should be able to overcome it with a little trial and error. But that’s part of the argument for electric pressure cookers, why go through the trouble? Just get an electric pressure cooker to begin with.

So there you have it. You now know some of the not so obvious considerations when choosing between an electric and a traditional stove top pressure canners and cookers. Don’t agonize over it too much. If nothing above jumps out at you then go with whatever model you find that offers the best quality at your price point. Remember: if you stick to good quality brands, and follow the manual, you should not encounter any difficulties, whether you go traditional or electric.

Debbie Lawrence is a mother of 2 who owns her own part-time catering business. She writes about food and the history of food. Her latest project revolves around Presto products such as the electric pressure cooker. She explains how they can make life easier in the kitchen and what to look for in purchasing.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Deborah_M_Lawrence/1329997

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Choosing High- Quality Wiring System For Business Infrastructure

Businesses, either big or small, have separate division for their electrical wiring but they have an emergency electrician Brisbane. Since the wiring system enables individuals to get connected with telecommunicating devices, it is considered as an inseparable part of any business operation. From audio/video production houses to IT industries, almost all the businesses need to pay special attention while selecting cables and wires.

It is often seen that the productivity of companies gets hampered due to improper transmission of communication signals. At times, many accidents take place due to defective electric wiring within the official infrastructure. Computers, television sets and other electronic equipment often get damaged due to short circuit. Such unwanted accidents take place because of the negligence of people while selecting wires. Many people overlook the fact that installing wires of good quality into their official building assures safety and efficient working environment for their employees as well as to them. They compromise with the quality of wiring system and prefer saving money for the time being.

If you want to avoid yourself from unnecessary problems related to wiring system in your office, then consider installing structured wiring system within the infrastructure of your official building. In order to ensure safety, a number of companies have started to manufacture electrical wiring devices. Some of the manufacturing firms like Leviton, Xantech and Belden etc are well-known to provide high-quality cables. You can look for some authentic suppliers who deal with such brands in providing electrical equipment such as connectors, occupancy sensors, speakers, cabling testers, quick ports, IR receivers, patch panels, patch cables etc.

In order to find reliable suppliers of electrical wiring devices, you can seek help fromInternet. Some companies have online stores to help customers purchase in bulk at their convenience. With an option to purchase online, it becomes easy for a customer to track their orders over the Internet. By browsing such website, you can enjoy easy shopping from your home/office or other convenient location. This will help you save your valuable time which would otherwise be required in traveling from one store to another at your nearest point.

Skiers Prone to Sore Calves

Canada is the pinnacle winter wonderland location, with so many incredible places to hit the slopes and go ski Canada. Shin bang and shin bite can turn an exciting day on the slopes into an uncomfortable experience. The rubbing caused by poorly fitted ski boots can make the skin on your calves, feet, and ankles raw from abrasion, which is exacerbated by the perspiration built up from intense activity. The skiers who are often most prone to sore calves are casual skiers, because they’ll likely be using poorly fitted rental boots instead of owning their own. Luckily, both boot issues are preventable.

Soreness Diagnosis

Identifying the type of soreness you’re prone to is the first step toward finding a solution. The most common types of soreness are known as shin bang and shin bite. Shin bang occurs when the tongue of the boot repeatedly hits the front of your calf and can manifest as a sharp pain in a small area in the lower part of your tibia. Shin bite is abrasion-related and is caused by the rubbing of a poorly fitted boot.

Painful Proposition

Sore calves are generally caused by abrasion or repeated impact during your descent. Skiing straight down the fall line quickly builds up an unreasonable amount of speed, so skiers traverse back and forth along the cliff face to control their rate of descent. Turning so frequently causes a lot of rubbing on your calves, because descending at an angle causes your calves to press up against the sides of your ski boot. The abrasion caused by the ski boot gets a lot worse if you’ve got moisture in your boot from perspiration or snow, or if you’re wearing a poorly fitted boot.

Preventative Medicine

The easiest way to address shin bang and shin bite is to prevent either from occurring in the first place. Properly fitted boots are the best solution, because they’ll allow less movement during your run. Have a professional in a ski shop measure your foot to determine the best size, and try on several pairs until you get the proper width and length. Ski boots are only manufactured in whole sizes; half sizes are compensated for with a liner. You’ll need to try on a few pairs to find one that gets closest to your actual size. Tucking a silicone or neoprene pad underneath the tongue of your boot before you lace up is the best way to address shin bang, although a well-fitted boot may be all you need.

Managing Moisture

Perspiration or snow in your ski boot can cause uncomfortably raw skin faster, because your skin naturally becomes slightly macerated when wet. A wool or synthetic ski sock instead of a cotton ski sock can go a long way, because these materials are hydrophobic and dry much faster. Wearing a thin liner sock underneath your thicker boot sock also gives you a defense against abrasion, because the socks can rub over each other instead of your skin.

Too Old to Donate Blood?

Can you be too old to donate blood?

In general, you can never be too old to donate blood. Though you can be too young or too thin. Even small donations have an impact that’s the essence of donating to charity.

The American Association of Blood Banks used to bar people over 65 from donating blood, but it scrapped the rule in 1978 after studies found that older people who stored their own blood prior to surgery did well, said Dr. Steven Kleinman, the association’s senior medical adviser. Now most blood banks are happy to accept blood from older volunteers.

“We found over time that individuals who are older do just fine donating blood, as long as they don’t have certain medical conditions that make them ineligible,” said Dr. Ross Herron, the chief medical officer of the West division of the American Red Cross, which collects 40 percent of the blood supply in the United States.

Individual blood banks and states, though, can impose additional regulations. New York, for example, requires hospitals and blood centers to review the eligibility of would-be donors over the age of 75 on a case-by-case basis.

And all prospective blood donors are asked to fill out a detailed health history questionnaire to rule out medical problems that bar them from donating, such as dementia, a recent history of cancer or heart disease, viral hepatitis, H.I.V. infection and heart rhythm disorders like atrial fibrillation. Taking certain medications, including anticoagulants, will also make you ineligible to donate.

Blood banks also require donors to weigh at least 110 pounds, and more in some cases. Minimum weight and height requirements are also typically imposed on younger adults and minors, who often require parental permission. Bloodworks Northwest, for example, requires first-time donors who are 16 and 17 to weigh at least 114 pounds. United Blood Services has both height and weight requirements for donors ages 16 to 22. Young people, especially those who are underweight, are more prone to fainting, the most common complication of giving blood, than older donors.

Blood donors may also be rejected for other reasons, including intravenous drug use or a history of certain infections or travel to areas where certain infections are common. The Food and Drug Administration also bars men who have had sex with men within the past year from donating blood.

How to Get Rid of Old Scars: Top 10 Remedies

Overview

Best skin tightening procedure for face can reduce wrinkle and makes your skin healthy as well. While some people consider their scars to be marks of pride, many people just want them to go away. Since they can affect your appearance, they can make you feel self-conscious. Best treatment for acne scars and large pores are using Skinceuticals C E Ferulic. For a short period of time, to assist in the treatment of ailments and injuries cryotherapy Melbourne is being use.

If you want to get rid of an old scar, you need to understand what a scar is and what type you’re trying to get rid of.

A scar forms as part of the natural healing process following an injury. When the dermis — the second layer of skin — is damaged, your body forms collagen fibers to repair the damage, and that results in a scar.

  • In most cases, the faster a wound heals, the less collagen will be deposited and the less noticeable the scar will be.
  • Typically, the severity of the scar is based on the severity of the injury or damage.
  • Scars form differently on different parts of the body.
  • Scars form differently based on the age of the injured person.
  • There are different types of scars.

Different types of scars

There are different types of scars, each with defining characteristics.

Atrophic scars

Atrophic scars are characterized by the loss of tissue. They appear depressed, serrated, or flat against the upper layer of the skin. Often atrophic scars have darker skin pigmentation than other area of your skin. Examples of atrophic scars include acne scars and chickenpox scars.

Hypertrophic scars

Hypertrophic scars are characterized by excess tissue that forms over the skin as it heals. Unlike a keloid scar, it does not grow outside the injured area. Hypertrophic scars are commonly darker than other skin in the area.

Keloid Scars

Keloid scars are the result of aggressive healing and an overproduction of tissue. They are characterized by a raised, thick, puffy appearance. They are typically darker than the surrounding skin. Unlike a hypertrophic scar, keloid scars can grow beyond the injured area.

Contracture scars

Contracture scars result from large areas of skin being lost or damaged, typically from burns. They are characterized by tight, shiny skin that can restrict movement.

The top 10 remedies for getting rid of scars

There’s no known way to make scars totally disappear, but many will become lighter over time on their own.

That being said, advocates of natural healing believe that there are remedies that can speed up the lightening process and make a scar less noticeable. Here are some of the remedies that have been effective for some people.

Aloe vera

  1. Remove the dark green “skin” from the flatter side of an aloe vera leaf.
  2. Scoop out the almost clear light green gel.
  3. Apply the gel directly to your scar using circular motions.
  4. After half an hour, wash the gel off with fresh, cool water.
  5. Repeat twice each day.

Vitamin E

  1. Cut open a vitamin E capsule over the scar and squeeze the oil onto the scar (you might need more than just one capsule to get enough liquid for full coverage).
  2. For about 10 minutes, massage the oil on and around the scar.
  3. After about 20 minutes wash off the oil with warm water.
  4. Repeat this process a minimum of 3 times per day.

Honey

  1. Before going to bed, cover your scar with a layer of honey.
  2. Wrap the honey-covered scar with a bandage.
  3. Leave it on for one full night.
  4. In the morning, remove the bandage and wash off the honey with warm water.
  5. Make this part of your routine every night.

Coconut oil

  1. Heat a few tablespoons of coconut oil, just enough to liquefy it.
  2. Massage the oil into the scar for about 10 minutes.
  3. Let the skin absorb the oil for a minimum of one hour.
  4. Repeat two to four times every day.

Apple cider vinegar

  1. Combine 4 tablespoons of distilled water with 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar.
  2. Dip a cotton ball into the water-cider mixture and generously dab your scar.
  3. Let it dry.
  4. Do this every night before you go to bed, washing the area in the morning.

Lavender and olive oil

  1. Mix three drops of lavender essential oil into three tablespoons of extra-virgin olive oil.
  2. Massage the mixture into the scarred area for about 5 minutes.
  3. Leave the oil in place for about 30 minutes.
  4. Rinse the area with warm water.
  5. Repeat this process a minimum of three times a day.

Lemon

  1. Cut a wedge from a fresh lemon.
  2. Gently rub the juicy side of the lemon on the scar while you squeeze the juice onto the scar.
  3. Relax for about 10 minutes before rinsing off the area with cool water.
  4. Do this every day at approximately the same time.

Potato

  1. Slice a potato into medium thick rounds.
  2. Using a circular motion, rub the potato slice on your scar.
  3. Once the potato slice starts to dry out, discard it and continue rubbing with another slice.
  4. Continue rubbing and replacing for about 20 minutes and then let the scar air-dry for about 10 minutes.
  5. Rinse the area with cool water.
  6. Repeat this process at least one time each day

Rosehip and frankincense

  1. Mix equal parts rosehip essential oil and frankincense essential oil.
  2. Massage the rosehip-frankincense mixture onto the scar.
  3. Wait for 45 minutes before gently rinsing the area with warm water.
  4. Follow this procedure three times a day.

Baking soda

  1. Mix distilled water — a little at time — into two tablespoons of baking soda until it forms a paste.
  2. Wet your scar with distilled water and then apply the paste to the wet scar.
  3. Hold the paste in place with a warm compress for 15 minutes.
  4. Rinse the area and repeat daily.

Before trying any of the remedies above, thoroughly wash and dry the scar and the area around it. Also, only use these remedies on scars — not open wounds. Should any of these remedies cause any irritation, stop use immediately.

The takeaway

If you want to make a scar look less noticeable, you may want to try a natural remedy. There are many people who believe that natural remedies can get the job done.

As with any home remedy, have a conversation with your doctor before starting. Your doctor can offer insights and recommendations about which remedies you should or should not try.

Easy Instructions For Being Your Own Handyman (or Handy-woman)

Home improvement can do a lot of things better. Not only will it make your home look nicer, but they also improve its comfort and value.Don’t be scared off from ambitious or large-scale home renovation projects can be completed without having experience in construction. The following tips will help you out in your home improvement goals and projects. With our outdoor kitchens Sydney equipment and accessories you can create a perfect cooking area.

If you plan to purchase a home, hire an inspector. A third party professional who offers a great way to keep things civil.

Build an interesting and unusual addition to your home for some class or sophistication.A wine cellar or library are wonderful spaces in any home. This will show that you are unique and potential buyers.

It is crucial that you always change air filters. A lot of repairmen are called to homes to clean out buildup found in machines from dirty air filters.

For instance, it is not a wise invest to install a sun room with no insulation in the colder climates. Do what you like, but don’t go beyond your immediate climate needs.

Consider using radiant heat floor tiles if you replace the tiles you currently have.These tiles give heat via electricity and can be very interesting. You can do this yourself if you have detailed instructions.This project that you can add on whether you are hiring someone or doing it yourself.

It can be expensive to install new flooring, so be sure to shop around to find the best deals. There are places and remodeling supplies at a discount.

You can use wallpaper to decorate a bookcase by using wallpaper. Choose a fun and one of a kind. Put the wallpaper on the back of the bookcase, when you put the books on it will show from behind them. This will give an old bookcase a new look and create a focal point in any room.

Two-liter bottles can provide excellent storage solutions in your kitchen. You can keep them on a shelf or in the freezer or fridge. Simply take of the top and pour it when you require its contents.

If a lock is having problems, you can replace the entire knob or just the cylinder. The cylinder will keep the lock responsible for activating the lock. If your key has been lost and you would like to change out the lock to ensure you’re protected, you can replace the cylinder instead.

Your outdoor chair cushions flatten over time.A good way to restore such cushions is setting them in the sunshine. The sun returns the moisture in the cushions and give them new bounce. Be sure to flip over the cushions, so make sure to give those cushions a flip periodically.

A garden and patio that match the style of your home will help bring the whole property together, but things that clash will offer the appearance of insufficient planning and end up looking outright unattractive.

If you find that it’s time to remodel your cabinets in your kitchen or bathroom, consider using wood cabinets. They are durable and stand up well under heavy use.Some of the more common woods for cabinetry include maple, cherry and oak. They can all be stained and if you want to, giving you the option to change the color later if you wish.

Choose a color scheme that already exists in the room. It may be an upholstery material, drapery or carpeting.For instance, if you have a rug featuring green, red and yellow shades, select one of the three hues to be used to color 60 percent of the room. Use the other two shades to paint trim and accent.

Do you think your house too bright or there is too much sun entering your rooms? This is a fairly easy process that anyone can do on their own. In the end, tinting your windows will help lower your overall cooling bill.

You can boost your home’s value and improve its curb appeal by adding another coat of high gloss paint on the shutters and front door. Homes that are made of light colored brick are a perfect candidate for a deep eggplant colors.

Consider your location when you are deciding what projects to take on. For instance, if it’s very windy in your area you may not need a deck, do you really want to install a pool?

You never underestimate the work involved in any home improvement project. This will help you to deal with problems more efficiently.

Before you start your DIY home improvement tasks, make a list of the actions you think will need to be taken from start to finish. Get an informed opinion from a contractor to find out if you’re missing anything important.

Be sure to prepare for the home improvement project.If you’re painting, you must cover all furniture in advance. Paint splatter on furniture can ruin it. Use plastic or cloth sheeting to cover anything that any drips land on them and not your furniture.

Use steel wool as a temporary measure to plug any holes or cracks that mice could use to gain access to your home.

Sort your tools into various toolboxes by project. For example, have a toolbox specifically for plumbing projects, containing various pipe fittings, a pipe wrench, and more. Another box could be used for electric projects, and might include items such as fuses, zip ties, and a voltmeter for use on electrical projects.

When you prepare properly and take advantage of useful tips like these, you can eliminate the hassle and unplanned expenses that are possible with poorly-planned home improvements. Now you’re ready to swing that hammer confidently in your very own home improvement projects. Click here for more info about the outdoor kitchen layout.