Artists – Build A Virtual Gallery

A tv storyboard is a plan, a way of figuring out the story of the film before you put in the enormous amount of work of the animation itself. How will people know about your art if they don’t know you exist? You must have a presence on the Internet. Your first step to create a presence on the Internet is to build a web site. A web site is kind of like a person. Most of its attributes or features are hidden, and all you see is its face (the index page). You have to get to know it a bit before its personality comes through. To do this, you have the choice of using any of the wizards that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) may have available, or you may use one of the commercial web site builders (authoring tools) such as GoLive, Dreamweaver, etc. Some of these are very pricey, but they are extremely robust in what they offer, and may be a good choice for dynamic web sites requiring active items like Flash or many pages of interactive material. Some of these authoring tools are free and provided as part of the service to offer you space on an ISP’s server. Your choice. You may have one or several accounts. Most e-mail accounts allow up to 10 megs of space per account (free), which is usually enough to post your personal web site and add pictures. 10 Megs can rapidly be used up though in the art business, demanding that you move your service to a professional web space provider (not free).

The next step is to get a domain name. There are many providers of this service, and I’ve had good luck with Yahoo, but you can sign up for a domain name as part of a package deal through an ISP. Shop around. Find a name you like or use your name. No matter what you call yourself, the index page is the key to your site, and the first page people will see, so the primary focus of your web site will be centered on this key page. The index page is the front door and display window to your “store”. Everything you will create initially will be built around this page like the spokes of a wheel.

Virtually all sites show artwork in a small “thumbnail-size” fashion, which expands to a larger picture when you click on it. If your art does not do this, chances are it takes too long for customers to download your site. Your Index page must download quickly or people will lose interest. Keep your pictures viewable using as few bytes as you can. Scanned pictures and those taken with a digital camera are notorious for eating up memory (bytes). Adjust your digital camera for the lowest quality setting or modify your images accordingly using some of the software that usually comes with digital cameras, or is available as Freeware on the Internet. Go to for instance and search for simple photo editors that you can download if you do not have appropriate software to do this.

Launch your site using your website provider’s FTP uploader or the built-in one that comes with most authoring software. If you don’t have one, go to for example and download theirs. It may take a couple of days for your website to become active on the Internet, but once it does, you will have succeeded with actual web site building/launching and you’re ready to move on to web site promoting.

Promoting a web site is hard work. They don’t promote themselves. At my blog,, you’ll find all sorts of information on art promotion and it will make your promotional efforts a bit easier. One of the hardest things to accomplish on the internet is to get noticed. You must directly or indirectly focus people who are interested in your product or service to come see what you offer. There are several ways to do this.

Finding your web site through keywords/phrases. You will build these into your browser so that search engines can find you. If you can’t figure out what these key words are, to help you.

Viral marketing. Tell everyone you know about your web site and what you offer. Print business cards and/or postcards and flyers and give them out like candy. Put your URL as part of your signature line on every e-mail you send. Friends tell friends. Do you belong to an association or group of any kind? Tell them and spread the word. Better yet create a newsletter.

You can create a FREE newsletter or ezine which you will offer to any site visitors to become subscribers who “opt in” to have it and you can use this as a platform to promote your service. Offer something free to everyone who subscribes for instance to get more takers. Who cares if you can’t write, there are free sites galore offering newsworthy stuff you can use. Just look up free ezines on your browser, or go to and check out the resource links there. Write as often as you wish to those who want to read your newsletter and create a growing family of readers/friends who want to hear what you have to say and will buy related items you offer through your great advice.

Links and affiliate programs are another option. I only suggest you use reputable links to those who will promote you as well in an honest fashion and have similar interests, as you can easily get into an endless chain of links of no particular value, and then you may as well be Spam.

Customers must pay for your products. For those just getting started, I recommend PayPal as a simple solution everyone can use, because otherwise it will cost you a minimum of $35 a month to carry bankcard credit capability. If you’re just starting out, you don’t want to be burdened with this cost.

Finally, deliver 110% when somebody actually orders something. Give them more than they asked for, and they’ll always come back for more. There’s every reason to believe there are customers for the types of things you offer whether it is a product or service. Tired of working for others? Find a need and help to fulfill it. Your success will be assured. You have only to look at e-Bay as a shining example of this.

The world may be your oyster, but your future is on the web. Create a new site that is fun and interesting to go to, talk it up and people will beat a path to your door.

Gregory may be reached at:

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Functioning as a Storyboard Musician and Placement of Storyboard Musician In Industry

right here is more than fulfills the eye when it comes to being a storyboard musician. As an example, did you understand that they make approximately $34.73 a hr? That’s $72,234 a year!

Between 2018 and 2028, the occupation is anticipated to grow 4% as well as create 3,000 job opportunities throughout the U.S

What Does a Storyboard Artist Sydney Do

There are specific skills that numerous storyboard artists have in order to accomplish their duties. By having a look through resumes, we were able to limit the most usual skills for an individual in this placement. We found that a great deal of resumes listed logical abilities, service abilities as well as customer-service abilities.

When it concerns one of the most essential skills required to be a storyboard artist, we found that a great deal of resumes listed 39.4% of storyboard artists consisted of storyboard pro, while 12.4% of resumes consisted of feature film, as well as 5.9% of resumes consisted of photoshop. Hard abilities like these are helpful to have when it concerns doing crucial job responsibilities.

When it comes to searching for a job, lots of look for a crucial term or phrase. Rather, it might be a lot more practical to search by market, as you could be missing out on tasks that you never thought about in industries that you didn’t also believe supplied positions pertaining to the storyboard artist task title. However what sector to begin with? The majority of storyboard artists actually locate work in the media and modern technology industries.

Find out more Regarding What a Storyboard Musician Does

Just how To Become a Storyboard Musician

If you want coming to be a storyboard musician, among the first things to take into consideration is how much education you need. We’ve identified that 78.3% of storyboard artists have a bachelor’s degree. In terms of higher education levels, we discovered that 8.5% of storyboard artists have master’s levels. Despite the fact that a lot of storyboard artists have an university degree, it’s feasible to turn into one with just a senior high school degree or GED.

Choosing the best major is always an essential action when investigating how to become a storyboard musician. When we investigated one of the most usual majors for a storyboard artist Sydney, we found that they most typically make bachelor’s degree degrees or associate degree degrees. Various other levels that we often see on storyboard artist returns to include master’s degree levels or secondary school diploma levels.

You may find that experience in various other jobs will certainly assist you end up being a storyboard artist. In fact, lots of storyboard musician jobs need experience in a function such as animator. Meanwhile, several storyboard artists also have previous job experience in functions such as musician or concept musician.

Setting of Storyboard Musician In Industry

MAAC Kolkata has actually brought prior to you a bag of fascinating truths as well as components regarding the placement the storyboard musician have in animation industry.

This time it hasn’t missed out on the ‘distinct’ element regarding it.

A storyboard artist appears like the principal of a computer animated movie or TELEVISION appears.

The artist makes visuals for every significant scene in the story consisting of personality positions, outward looks, and also structures.

Each storyboard is consisted of boards and the artist attracts all the important boards consisting of task bearings, comparable to when a character raises their arm or when a character leaves the scene.

Sometimes the storyboard artist obtains a web content as well as needs to draw the tale as-scripted.

Be that as it may, usually, specifically in TELEVISION series, the storyboard musician is likewise the author of the scene.

The musician can incorporate visual muffles as well as exchange to include their vision into the tale.

This makes storyboarding a rewarding vocation for anyone influenced by the workmanship, coordinating, and also narrating.

However, storyboard musician can be made use of as a part of any kind of innovative product consisting of computer games.

Countless diversions have cutscenes or rehash personality growths that should be pictured through sheets.

A great many individuals think about board resolve cartoons because that is the means through which they’re made.

Each scene requires a storyboard to direct planning, video camera shots/container, and personality positions.

Activity moves quickly so every great storyboard professionals need to be vigorous.

This indicates a professional level of draftsmanship for setting up and also displaying personalities in a scene.

Normal task utilized storyboard boards made use of paper.

One 22-minute scene could without much of a stretch be lots of sheets of storyboards just to recount the story.

There’s a great reduced doc from Pixar demonstrating their treatment for storyboarding highlight films.

On the off opportunity that you need to wind up a storyboard artist you’ll be a real respectable sketcher.

You’ll need an amazing handle of the viewpoint as well as figure illustration for displaying characters precisely.

What’s more, you’ll be OKAY exchanging between different styles of craftsmanship as you relocate between shows up.

A storyboard for SpongeBob will have an altogether different innovative style than a storyboard for Experience Time.

Generally, you’ll need to deal with the fundamentals as well as be quick with them.

All the same, storyboard professionals every now and then work in shielding so that will not be as necessary.

In case you’re past the fundamentals as well as need to dig directly right into blocking at that point certainly choose a number of books from our prescribed rundown for storyboarders.

That blog post ought to have all that you’ll ever before need to find out about the company, preparing, electronic camera sides, posturing, and all the related complexities of attracting remarkable sheets.

You’ll similarly call for some tolerance and also an enthusiasm to crush.

It takes persistent work to go just about anywhere in media outlets.

All the same, storyboarding can be such a breathing life into the procedure, to the point that for some individuals it’s justified regardless of the physical effort.

Specifically in case you have a profound power for both art and narrating.

Art as well as artists can never ever be separated equally as the storyboard artists from the tale.

Being a storyboard musician, you must have the ability to attract anything that is offered to you as a job or job.

A Storyboard artist has a huge range of possibilities in varied fields of Advertising, Live-action films, and Animation.

Advertising and marketing

The Storyboard artist Sydney can discover its profession proactively in the field of advertising and marketing.

The Storyboard artist in advertising is made use of to generate a picture of what the tale of the TV commercial or the soap will certainly appear like.

This is done so as to influence, convince and also engage the customers in order to get the principle being pitched.

Well, the set of picture is prepared either when the brand firm is exerting to win the customer’s service or the moment when the customer has actually already signed the agreement on the agency-brand.

Whatever may be the case, the significant component for the storyboard is to imagine for the consumer what the brand name’s creative supervisor or ‘creatives’ are contemplating as well as this is the blueprint to market the customer’s item.

A storyboard musician might likewise be solicited to ostensibly speak to a few adaptations from a campaign for print promotions.

Live-action Film

On the front of the live-action movie, a storyboard artist is utilized at the very start of a project.

The moment when a storyboard musician is contracted by a film company, the artist needs to separate the scenes of the material right into shots which can be taped.

This is done under the guidance of the movie’s exec bearing in mind the end objective to ensure the principal’s vision from the start of the endeavor.

As the production proceeds, the storyboards are presented to the cinematographer who is then in charge of sharing that vision to the screen.

The production organizations of the film may also contract a storyboard artist to clean introduction design storyboards (which might likewise include audio) which can be utilized by a main maker to collect the cash to make the film.

Computer animation

In case of Animation, project tasks are frequently addressed based on the reality of storyboards independently.

In this circumstance, the storyboard musicians continue to work all the way with the manufacturing in order to develop some specific scenes.

Succeeding to a scene which is edited the supervisor together with the storyboard musicians and also the entire staff probably called for to rewrite the succession, if needed.

Want to engage oneself in the sea of Computer animation, format, storyboard, Visual Results, after that MAAC Kolkata is the best choice for you.

Master the art of storyboarding

Storyboarding can assist you to resolve a wide variety of problems. It’s a wonderful method that makes it possible for Studio AKA– and also many other creatives– to work with tales that lack clearness and structure, or ideas that require upending in order to function.

If you require to tell stories for any type of type of industrial work, try storyboarding by adhering to these pointers.

  1. Get your tale ideas onto paper

Beginning a storyboard is never ever very easy– all those blank panels! The remedy is not to deal with one cool sheet of paper. Use little Post-It notes as well as doodle lots of quick, rough thumbnail ideas. Obtain all the ideas out of your head in any kind of order you such as. Do not feel that you have to just begin at the start and work forwards.

  1. Cut and shuffle concepts right into storyboard panels

When you have a bunch of photos that are making good sense, re-sequence them and dispose of as several as possible. Move it everything about until it feels meaningful as well as in balance. You can do all this with stick numbers, after that replace everything with your personality drawings once you recognize what you are doing, working back right into the gaps any visual embellishments that reinforce the tale.

  1. Don’t stick around on the opening sequence

One of one of the most usual blunders with storyboards is developing opening series that drag on, consuming panels with developing shots. Your goal should be to develop a crisp, clear tempo from the beginning. You can always transform that single opening panel drawing into a three-minute monitoring shot at a later phase.

  1. Keep things versatile

Try not to secure on your own down initially. Some animation directors write in illustrations, while others illustration in composing. The storyboarding can start as rough cut as well as paste, with functioning boards offered conclusion by a procedure of purification. Every little thing needs to stay open to question up until it’s decision time.

  1. Welcome random ideas

Do not obtain stalled in process when it concerns motivation. If you purge yourself of every random suggestion you can, at some point the excellent stuff will make itself understood to you as well as discover its location in the storyboard. Then sleep on it and reconsider all of it the next day.

  1. Check out personality narratives

Working with sequential or personality stories can be challenging. Attempt a couple of workouts to assist, such as resolving four-, 9-, 12- and also 24-panel storyboards, each structured around various personality stories or guidelines.

  1. Make every framework count

Producing storyboards within restricted panel allowances pushes an artist to make every frame matter. When every illustration has to validate its inclusion, having the ability to distil a tale right into a handful of essential frameworks is liberating. That refined ‘back’ can after that be elaborated into a more intricate story. Establish on your own challenges or ask someone else to establish you a difficulty to see where you wind up.

  1. Define your personalities

To tell any kind of tale, you require to recognize your personality. One means to do this is to ask the standard questions a scriptwriter always asks, such as: That is your character? What do they desire? What do they do to get what they desire? What do they achieve in the long run? You might also attempt specifying this in one more nine- or 12-panel board as the act of visualising those answers actually compels you to analyze your character.

  1. Think past what gets on the web page

The surface area of a character is described in line or shape on the web page, however what really exists within the illustration is provided focus by our willingness to engage with what that personality can emote and also communicate. Story, design as well as bio all affect exactly how a character rises beyond plain mark-making as well as becomes real to us.

  1. Welcome comments

It is always simpler to understand what is amiss with other people’s job than your very own, as well as occasionally providing comments to others can help you think of your very own job in a new way. The other way around, ask others to provide you responses as well as try to take criticism in an useful way, thinking of exactly how you can channel these remarks right into your personality and also tale to make it better. Even if you do not agree with their pointers, it’s still an excellent suggestion to attempt them out– you could be amazed at the end result!

Attend A College That Has Your Back

Child care courses Sydney will gain a sound understanding of learning frameworks to provide a range of education and care including planning, implementing and managing programs for children. More than two million students enter college each year with the expectation that the colleges they attend will take care of them when problems and emergencies pop up. Some students will be pleased with the way their college responds to their issues while others will be disappointed, some may even be outraged.

So many things happen on college campuses today that incoming students never anticipate. To make better comparisons, include these factors when evaluating colleges to attend.

College Comparison Factors

1. Credible Information – Does the college do a good job of informing students about the good, the bad and the ugly?

2. Environment – Are Administrators and Professors student- oriented? Are they concerned about student learning and success?

3. Students – Are fellow students happy, friendly and helpful? Be sure to speak with as many students as possible. Try to talk to some students in your field of study.

4. Crime – Are the campus and surrounding areas safe? How many thefts take place on campus each year? Does the college provide students with statistics and safety advice? How effective is the Security Force? How many students were robbed or assaulted last year?

5. Rape and Sexual Assaults – Does your college report and publish statistics on rapes? Is rape prevention training provided to students? Are rapists dealt with quickly and firmly? How many rapes have taken place during the past five years?

6. Drug Usage – How prevalent are drugs at this college? When was the last drug raid? What kind of help do addicted students receive? How many deaths have resulted from the use of drugs?

7. Alcohol – Is this a party school? Is alcohol allowed on campus?

8. Hazing – Do Sororities, Fraternities, Clubs, Organizations and Honor Societies use Hazing, as part of their initiation process?

9. Deaths – On average, how many students die each year? What is the five-year history of deaths?

10. Emergency Notification Procedures – Keeping students safe when there is a dangerous person on campus is critical. What is the procedure? How effective has it been in the past?

11. Medical Help – How responsive and effective is the Campus Medical Department? How far is the hospital? Do students know how to get help, when there is a medical emergency?

12. Tutoring – Is tutoring available to students in your field of study? Is help available from your Professors?

13. Diversity – Are there Students, Administrators and Professors of many different races, religions and cultures on your campus, in the dorms and the classrooms?

14. Harassment – How does your college deal with students who consistently harass others? Are the students being harassed informed of their options and rights?

15. Dispute Resolution – Is there a dispute resolution process in place and communicated to students? Does it work?

16. Employment Assistance – Since Job Search Preparation is an ongoing process that begins in the first year of college and ends when the student accepts a job, does the college put enough time, people and resources into helping students get prepared?

17. Clubs, Organizations and Activities – Colleges that offer an enjoyable college experience provide a variety of ways for students to learn, participate, contribute and succeed. Does the college meet your needs in this area?

18. Parking – Students with automobiles should investigate the availability, fees, rules and penalties regarding parking on campus. Is the parking situation acceptable to you?

19. On-time Graduation Rates – The availability of required classes can be a problem for students, as they near graduation. Does the college give preference to upper class students who must get into a class, in order to graduate? Paying for another semester is an expensive solution.

20. Counseling Services – Large numbers of students receive counseling. What is the availability and effectiveness of the counselors you may need?

21. Cost / Reputation – Does the college have a good reputation in your field of study? How many employers visit the college to recruit students in your field? Should you consider going to a more expensive college, one that attracts employers in your field?

As students and their parents research, visit and evaluate the colleges on their list, they should dig in deeply to uncover the information necessary to make a decision that is right for them. Since this list is not all-inclusive, students and parents can add to it, before they start to make comparisons. Students should make certain that they identify the colleges that will have their backs.

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Buying a Pair of Good Quality Walking Boots – What to Look For

Buying a new pair of UGG boots for men Neumel Weather will treat yourself to comfort and style in the great outdoors, especially if you are new to walking, can be a little daunting. A good pair of boots that will last you for years will cost upwards of £100, no small investment.

Firstly, go to a good outdoors shop where the staff are knowledgeable. It is no good buying from a place where the staff clearly are not the outdoors types. Talk to the staff, tell them the sort of walking you will be doing and how often and they will be able to make some recommendations.
Below is a guide that could help you to avoid the bullsh*%t factor from sales assistants …
Starting at the front of the boot, check the toe box, that will save your toes from a battering when crossing rocky ground. A firm toe box is needed if you intend doing a lot of mountain walking, it is not so critical if you will be mainly on fells and farmland or other easy and fairly even surfaces.

Leading back from the toe you will find the rubber rand, this adds durability to the boot and protection from rocks; a full rand, such as those found on Meindl boots, helps keep the water out of the bottom of the boot when wading through shallow puddles.

Talking of waterproofing, a boot with a Gore-tex lining is the best, but only initially. The lining will inevitable fail well before the boot is worn out. It also can make the boot a little more clammy, despite its breathability. Leather treatments are getting better and better and you will find most boots will be pretty waterproof if treated regularly. A shop in the Lakes told me not to clean my boots before treating them as the dirt helps to seal them against water. I am not so sure about that, it sounds that could make them less breathable – I find that the waterproofing is absorbed better after they have been cleaned. Make up your own mind! One piece uppers are a definite if you are looking for waterproof boots – fewer stitching holes and seams to allow the ingress of water. Most boots now also have bellows tongues – the tongue is linked to the upper which also helps to keep water out.

At the other end of the boot, the heel cup is the next thing to consider. For mountain walking or walking over rocky ground, you need a stiff heel cup – this will hold the foot in place and reduce the likelihood of blisters. For the same terrain, you need also a boot with a stiff midsole. The midsole is hidden from view, between the sole and the footbed of the boot. Test the stiffness of the heel cup in the same way as the toe box. To check the midsole stiffness, try bending the toe up and also twisting the boot. If you intend to do winter walking using crampons, you need a very stiff midsole.

For walking on uneven ground, support for the foot is essential, to test this, either use something hard under your sole or use the corner of a step. Boots that offer little support in these situations will leave your feet fatigued and possibly sore after a day on an uneven surface. Consider also the ankle cuff, this can give useful extra support but if it is very stiff, it can easily rub your heel or ankles on a walk.

On the sole, look for deep, widely spaced lugs and grooves, a useful measure is the thickness of 2 one pound coins placed together. A softer sole will give better grip on rocks but will wear out faster.

OK, so you have selected your ideal boot but remember, it must fit properly and be comfortable! Check for tongue padding by lacing the boot up, you should not feel the laces through it. Check the fit is right by wearing your walking socks when you try on the boot, it should be about 15mm or a little less. A convenient way of testing this is to loosen the laces and push your foot forward, until the toe contacts the inside of the toe box. You can then check the gap at the back of your heel. When laced up, the upper should feel snug and comfy round your foot. If you are aware of the lace eyelets against your feet then that can lead to soreness. Squeeze the upper of the boot as well, a soft upper may be more comfortable initially but unless you are going to be sticking only to gentle walking on good surfaces, you are better with a stiffer upper.

To sum up, decide on your style of walking before buying a boot, take your walking socks with you and talk to the staff when you are trying on the boot. This short guide is not the definitive guide to buying a walking boot but it may help you to spot sales BS.

Disclaimer (probably not necessary but here goes …): This is intended for your information only, you need to accept the responsibility for your own purchase – we cannot be held responsible for any problems that arise from the purchase of your boots. We recommend that you take the advice of the sales person in the shop and make up your own mind about the boot.

For great idas about walking and more useful walking articles, visit A Taste of the Peak District, one of the leading web sites about the second most visited National Park in the world.

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‘Natural’ Retirement Communities: An Idea That Works

Understand how theories try to explain children’s development is somehow challenging in our childcare courses. Some retirement communities are planned, others just happen. The latter are sometimes referred to by urban planners as NORCs – “naturally occurring retirement communities.” They’ve emerged as an attractive way for seniors to age successfully in their homes by tapping into community support services and volunteer programs.

It is estimated that there are thousands of these naturally occurring retirement communities across the United States, and that approximately 27 percent of our senior citizens live in them. So what are NORCs?


These are communities or neighborhoods where residents have lived and aged together long enough for a naturally occurring retirement community to evolve. Residents have either aged in place by living in their homes for several decades, or older adults have migrated into the same community where they intend to spend the rest of their lives.

NORC is a demographic term used to describe a community not originally designed for seniors, but one that has grown naturally to have 40 to 65% of its residents over age 60. These communities were originally built for young adults and were never intended to meet the particular health and social service needs of seniors.

The term NORC was first coined in the 1980’s by Michael Hunt, a professor of urban planning. NORCs were originally identified in urban settings, but are now found in all geographic locations. They are usually small by design and span a few square miles with a base of 1000 to 3000 people. They can be as small as a city apartment building or as large as a suburban neighborhood with single family homes.

NORCs can be categorized into three types:

  • Classic NORC: This is a single age-integrated apartment building, a housing complex with multiple buildings under common management or a number of apartment buildings clustered together.
  • Neighborhood-Based NORC: This is an age-integrated neighborhood of one- and two-family homes.
  • Rural NORC: This is a large geographic area with a low population density, typically comprised of one-and two-family homes.


NORCs are privately developed and managed, and relatively new, so there is no centralized listing of programs. The best place to find information on NORCs is online. Listed below are a few good sources to help in determining if there’s an existing model that suits your community:

  • The United Hospital Fund at
  • Aging Agencies in many states have information on NORCs

Each NORC is different and focuses on local needs and individual communities. Funding, staffing and services should reflect a specific community and the staff may consist of full-time and part-time employees and numerous volunteers. NORCs may be largely supported by member dues of $500 or more per year or seniors may pay little or nothing, with the bulk of the support coming from local foundations, charity-supported agencies and government funds. The key requirement is a healthy mix of private and public funds.

Seniors should play a central role in the development of the NORC program. They are clients with diverse needs and interests, and residents with a rich network of relationships, knowledge and expertise. Effective programs will enable seniors to take on new roles in their communities as leaders and project developers. There is the evolving realization by large numbers of seniors that their participation is required in the building of their later lives. Retirement can extend 25 to 30 years and without a community support system, seniors run the risk of health challenges and isolation.


Some organizations and local governments have brought together social services, health care, transportation and residents to develop a NORC supportive services program (NORC-SSP). This program receives funding from private sector contributions; charitable donations; resident membership or activity fees; and federal, state, and local grant funding. NORC-SSPs directly service seniors in the Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities and may provide:

  • Social work case management
  • Transportation
  • Mental health services
  • Social and cultural events
  • Home care
  • Bereavement support
  • Meals
  • Home repair and maintenance
  • Exercise classes
  • Continuing Education programs


There is another type of community that has evolved and may be confused as a NORC; but based on the concentrated percentage of seniors required to be called a NORC, these communities are called neighborhood villages instead. These communities are grassroots movements providing services and programs for their aging population. Some villages provide services and programs for members only who pay annual membership fees, while others charge nothing for services. Some set a minimum age for membership. All rely heavily on neighborhood volunteers. Services provided may be:

  • Transportation
  • Social and educational programs
  • Friendly visits or phone calls
  • Assistance with household repairs and maintenance

Neighborhood villages face constant challenges with funding, and some charge annual membership fees. Others seek funding from other sources. The first neighborhood village was organized in Boston, Massachusetts in 2001 and is called the Beacon Hill Village.


Naturally Occurring Retirement Communities are the new alternative for aging in place in the neighborhood where you raised your family and made lifelong friends. Options for organizing this type of community may seem overwhelming and complex, but the underlying principle is simplicity: neighbors caring for neighbors in a close-knit community.

Carolyn Cook is a healthcare designer of twenty five years who has taken her expertise into the private home helping people live safely and independently in their homes for as long as they choose. Carolyn is now the Owner of LiveSmart Design–an interior design firm specializing in the residential design of kitchens and bathrooms utilizing the principles of Universal Design, sustainability and healthcare. As an advocate of affordable Senior Housing, a proponent for Universal Design and a Certified Aging-in-Place Specialist, Carolyn frequently presents to local community groups, industry professionals and senior organizations on the topic of Universal Design, Visit-ability and aging-in-place. She is active in the Davidson Committee on Aging, the Falls Prevention Coalition, the National Kitchen and Bath Association and the US Green Building Council. Carolyn can be reached at

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Understanding Electric Pressure Cookers – Pros and Cons

The primary reason why most homeowners and business persons have chosen electrician 24 hours Melbourne services is that we the most co-efficient handymen in Melbourne, especially in terms of maintenance, plumbing, and electrical services. When thinking of ways to prepare food faster, while not sacrificing quality and nutrition, investing in a pressure canner or cooker is one obvious choice.

Now you may also be wondering if you should get a standard or electric model. This article will help you understand and avoid the pitfalls and appreciate the convenience an electric pressure cooker has to offer vs a traditional model.


Lets start with the “Cons” since they are a bit more subtle, but understanding those will help you better contextualize the “Pros”.

1) Less durability: Typically electric models do not last as long as their non-electric counterparts. You can see this reflected in the shorter warranties on an electric vs. traditional model. The reason for this? With more complicated parts and electronics on an electric pressure cooker there is more possibility for failure. Many newer models come with extra electronics, press button displays, and other convenient features. Generally electronics do not like the excessive heat with which these appliances operate. Durability varies by brand and quality, some are better than others, but as a rule it is true electric models may not last as long.

2) Lower PSI: To operate a pressure cooker it needs high pressure, measured in pounds per square inch (PSI). Higher pressure makes steam hotter than normal and allows food to cook faster. Often times electric pressure cookers, especially the older ones, cannot achieve the 15 PSI that is standard for traditional models. I’m sure It has something to do with the heating units, as well as safety concerns and costs factors. Whatever the reason, you have to be cautious when getting an Electric model, they often top out at 9-12 PSI. Lower PSI means lower temperature and thus slower cooking. Moreover, it is an annoyance since most pressure cooker recipes assume 15 PSI, so adjusting can be a pain. Basically, get one that goes to 15 PSI if you can.

3) Historical Safety issues: This is more of a problem with older models, and I think honestly, the lax attitude of users resulting in user error. Because electric pressure cookers are so easy, people often push limits unintentionally or leave it unattended for long periods on ill advised settings. Some have noted that electric pressure cookers tend to have less redundant safety valves than the traditional designs do. This is true, you may want to stay away from those models. But some of the horror stories can be explained by misuse. If you accidentally over fill with liquid (a big no-no) it increases the likelihood of clogging and overflow. Compounded that with not being in the room to see the overflow occurring, and you can see how big disasters might occur, generating bad rap through user error. Don’t worry, If you follow the manual, especially on new models, you will likely never have an issue.


The Pros are much more straightforward:

1) Ease of use and Convenience: This is huge, with all the automatic timers, food specific cooking settings, PSI adjustment and other features that can be loaded onto an electric model, they save a bunch of time. Also, some will argue this cancels out the lower PSI issues, since if the cooker can be started with the touch of a button and walked away from, who cares if it takes a bit longer to cook?

2) Consistent heating: Electric designs have the heating source inside them. A traditional cooker may have to deal with various cooking surfaces such as gas range, electrical coil or glass top. When it comes to a gas range, traditional pressure cookers perform masterfully, but some people report problems with electric ranges. The reason is that pressure cookers want an even, steady heat. If temperature bounces around too much then pressure is inconstant which makes calculating cooking time difficult, risking over or under cooking. Often people over-correct with glass top and coil ranges due to the nature of how they heat. I’ve never found a problem cooking on a glass top, but even If you do run into this problem you should be able to overcome it with a little trial and error. But that’s part of the argument for electric pressure cookers, why go through the trouble? Just get an electric pressure cooker to begin with.

So there you have it. You now know some of the not so obvious considerations when choosing between an electric and a traditional stove top pressure canners and cookers. Don’t agonize over it too much. If nothing above jumps out at you then go with whatever model you find that offers the best quality at your price point. Remember: if you stick to good quality brands, and follow the manual, you should not encounter any difficulties, whether you go traditional or electric.

Debbie Lawrence is a mother of 2 who owns her own part-time catering business. She writes about food and the history of food. Her latest project revolves around Presto products such as the electric pressure cooker. She explains how they can make life easier in the kitchen and what to look for in purchasing.

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Choosing High- Quality Wiring System For Business Infrastructure

Businesses, either big or small, have separate division for their electrical wiring but they have an emergency electrician Brisbane. Since the wiring system enables individuals to get connected with telecommunicating devices, it is considered as an inseparable part of any business operation. From audio/video production houses to IT industries, almost all the businesses need to pay special attention while selecting cables and wires.

It is often seen that the productivity of companies gets hampered due to improper transmission of communication signals. At times, many accidents take place due to defective electric wiring within the official infrastructure. Computers, television sets and other electronic equipment often get damaged due to short circuit. Such unwanted accidents take place because of the negligence of people while selecting wires. Many people overlook the fact that installing wires of good quality into their official building assures safety and efficient working environment for their employees as well as to them. They compromise with the quality of wiring system and prefer saving money for the time being.

If you want to avoid yourself from unnecessary problems related to wiring system in your office, then consider installing structured wiring system within the infrastructure of your official building. In order to ensure safety, a number of companies have started to manufacture electrical wiring devices. Some of the manufacturing firms like Leviton, Xantech and Belden etc are well-known to provide high-quality cables. You can look for some authentic suppliers who deal with such brands in providing electrical equipment such as connectors, occupancy sensors, speakers, cabling testers, quick ports, IR receivers, patch panels, patch cables etc.

In order to find reliable suppliers of electrical wiring devices, you can seek help fromInternet. Some companies have online stores to help customers purchase in bulk at their convenience. With an option to purchase online, it becomes easy for a customer to track their orders over the Internet. By browsing such website, you can enjoy easy shopping from your home/office or other convenient location. This will help you save your valuable time which would otherwise be required in traveling from one store to another at your nearest point.

Skiers Prone to Sore Calves

Canada is the pinnacle winter wonderland location, with so many incredible places to hit the slopes and go ski Canada. Shin bang and shin bite can turn an exciting day on the slopes into an uncomfortable experience. The rubbing caused by poorly fitted ski boots can make the skin on your calves, feet, and ankles raw from abrasion, which is exacerbated by the perspiration built up from intense activity. The skiers who are often most prone to sore calves are casual skiers, because they’ll likely be using poorly fitted rental boots instead of owning their own. Luckily, both boot issues are preventable.

Soreness Diagnosis

Identifying the type of soreness you’re prone to is the first step toward finding a solution. The most common types of soreness are known as shin bang and shin bite. Shin bang occurs when the tongue of the boot repeatedly hits the front of your calf and can manifest as a sharp pain in a small area in the lower part of your tibia. Shin bite is abrasion-related and is caused by the rubbing of a poorly fitted boot.

Painful Proposition

Sore calves are generally caused by abrasion or repeated impact during your descent. Skiing straight down the fall line quickly builds up an unreasonable amount of speed, so skiers traverse back and forth along the cliff face to control their rate of descent. Turning so frequently causes a lot of rubbing on your calves, because descending at an angle causes your calves to press up against the sides of your ski boot. The abrasion caused by the ski boot gets a lot worse if you’ve got moisture in your boot from perspiration or snow, or if you’re wearing a poorly fitted boot.

Preventative Medicine

The easiest way to address shin bang and shin bite is to prevent either from occurring in the first place. Properly fitted boots are the best solution, because they’ll allow less movement during your run. Have a professional in a ski shop measure your foot to determine the best size, and try on several pairs until you get the proper width and length. Ski boots are only manufactured in whole sizes; half sizes are compensated for with a liner. You’ll need to try on a few pairs to find one that gets closest to your actual size. Tucking a silicone or neoprene pad underneath the tongue of your boot before you lace up is the best way to address shin bang, although a well-fitted boot may be all you need.

Managing Moisture

Perspiration or snow in your ski boot can cause uncomfortably raw skin faster, because your skin naturally becomes slightly macerated when wet. A wool or synthetic ski sock instead of a cotton ski sock can go a long way, because these materials are hydrophobic and dry much faster. Wearing a thin liner sock underneath your thicker boot sock also gives you a defense against abrasion, because the socks can rub over each other instead of your skin.

Too Old to Donate Blood?

Can you be too old to donate blood?

In general, you can never be too old to donate blood. Though you can be too young or too thin. Even small donations have an impact that’s the essence of donating to charity.

The American Association of Blood Banks used to bar people over 65 from donating blood, but it scrapped the rule in 1978 after studies found that older people who stored their own blood prior to surgery did well, said Dr. Steven Kleinman, the association’s senior medical adviser. Now most blood banks are happy to accept blood from older volunteers.

“We found over time that individuals who are older do just fine donating blood, as long as they don’t have certain medical conditions that make them ineligible,” said Dr. Ross Herron, the chief medical officer of the West division of the American Red Cross, which collects 40 percent of the blood supply in the United States.

Individual blood banks and states, though, can impose additional regulations. New York, for example, requires hospitals and blood centers to review the eligibility of would-be donors over the age of 75 on a case-by-case basis.

And all prospective blood donors are asked to fill out a detailed health history questionnaire to rule out medical problems that bar them from donating, such as dementia, a recent history of cancer or heart disease, viral hepatitis, H.I.V. infection and heart rhythm disorders like atrial fibrillation. Taking certain medications, including anticoagulants, will also make you ineligible to donate.

Blood banks also require donors to weigh at least 110 pounds, and more in some cases. Minimum weight and height requirements are also typically imposed on younger adults and minors, who often require parental permission. Bloodworks Northwest, for example, requires first-time donors who are 16 and 17 to weigh at least 114 pounds. United Blood Services has both height and weight requirements for donors ages 16 to 22. Young people, especially those who are underweight, are more prone to fainting, the most common complication of giving blood, than older donors.

Blood donors may also be rejected for other reasons, including intravenous drug use or a history of certain infections or travel to areas where certain infections are common. The Food and Drug Administration also bars men who have had sex with men within the past year from donating blood.

How to Get Rid of Old Scars: Top 10 Remedies


Best skin tightening procedure for face can reduce wrinkle and makes your skin healthy as well. While some people consider their scars to be marks of pride, many people just want them to go away. Since they can affect your appearance, they can make you feel self-conscious. Best treatment for acne scars and large pores are using Skinceuticals C E Ferulic. For a short period of time, to assist in the treatment of ailments and injuries cryotherapy Melbourne is being use.

If you want to get rid of an old scar, you need to understand what a scar is and what type you’re trying to get rid of.

A scar forms as part of the natural healing process following an injury. When the dermis — the second layer of skin — is damaged, your body forms collagen fibers to repair the damage, and that results in a scar.

  • In most cases, the faster a wound heals, the less collagen will be deposited and the less noticeable the scar will be.
  • Typically, the severity of the scar is based on the severity of the injury or damage.
  • Scars form differently on different parts of the body.
  • Scars form differently based on the age of the injured person.
  • There are different types of scars.

Different types of scars

There are different types of scars, each with defining characteristics.

Atrophic scars

Atrophic scars are characterized by the loss of tissue. They appear depressed, serrated, or flat against the upper layer of the skin. Often atrophic scars have darker skin pigmentation than other area of your skin. Examples of atrophic scars include acne scars and chickenpox scars.

Hypertrophic scars

Hypertrophic scars are characterized by excess tissue that forms over the skin as it heals. Unlike a keloid scar, it does not grow outside the injured area. Hypertrophic scars are commonly darker than other skin in the area.

Keloid Scars

Keloid scars are the result of aggressive healing and an overproduction of tissue. They are characterized by a raised, thick, puffy appearance. They are typically darker than the surrounding skin. Unlike a hypertrophic scar, keloid scars can grow beyond the injured area.

Contracture scars

Contracture scars result from large areas of skin being lost or damaged, typically from burns. They are characterized by tight, shiny skin that can restrict movement.

The top 10 remedies for getting rid of scars

There’s no known way to make scars totally disappear, but many will become lighter over time on their own.

That being said, advocates of natural healing believe that there are remedies that can speed up the lightening process and make a scar less noticeable. Here are some of the remedies that have been effective for some people.

Aloe vera

  1. Remove the dark green “skin” from the flatter side of an aloe vera leaf.
  2. Scoop out the almost clear light green gel.
  3. Apply the gel directly to your scar using circular motions.
  4. After half an hour, wash the gel off with fresh, cool water.
  5. Repeat twice each day.

Vitamin E

  1. Cut open a vitamin E capsule over the scar and squeeze the oil onto the scar (you might need more than just one capsule to get enough liquid for full coverage).
  2. For about 10 minutes, massage the oil on and around the scar.
  3. After about 20 minutes wash off the oil with warm water.
  4. Repeat this process a minimum of 3 times per day.


  1. Before going to bed, cover your scar with a layer of honey.
  2. Wrap the honey-covered scar with a bandage.
  3. Leave it on for one full night.
  4. In the morning, remove the bandage and wash off the honey with warm water.
  5. Make this part of your routine every night.

Coconut oil

  1. Heat a few tablespoons of coconut oil, just enough to liquefy it.
  2. Massage the oil into the scar for about 10 minutes.
  3. Let the skin absorb the oil for a minimum of one hour.
  4. Repeat two to four times every day.

Apple cider vinegar

  1. Combine 4 tablespoons of distilled water with 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar.
  2. Dip a cotton ball into the water-cider mixture and generously dab your scar.
  3. Let it dry.
  4. Do this every night before you go to bed, washing the area in the morning.

Lavender and olive oil

  1. Mix three drops of lavender essential oil into three tablespoons of extra-virgin olive oil.
  2. Massage the mixture into the scarred area for about 5 minutes.
  3. Leave the oil in place for about 30 minutes.
  4. Rinse the area with warm water.
  5. Repeat this process a minimum of three times a day.


  1. Cut a wedge from a fresh lemon.
  2. Gently rub the juicy side of the lemon on the scar while you squeeze the juice onto the scar.
  3. Relax for about 10 minutes before rinsing off the area with cool water.
  4. Do this every day at approximately the same time.


  1. Slice a potato into medium thick rounds.
  2. Using a circular motion, rub the potato slice on your scar.
  3. Once the potato slice starts to dry out, discard it and continue rubbing with another slice.
  4. Continue rubbing and replacing for about 20 minutes and then let the scar air-dry for about 10 minutes.
  5. Rinse the area with cool water.
  6. Repeat this process at least one time each day

Rosehip and frankincense

  1. Mix equal parts rosehip essential oil and frankincense essential oil.
  2. Massage the rosehip-frankincense mixture onto the scar.
  3. Wait for 45 minutes before gently rinsing the area with warm water.
  4. Follow this procedure three times a day.

Baking soda

  1. Mix distilled water — a little at time — into two tablespoons of baking soda until it forms a paste.
  2. Wet your scar with distilled water and then apply the paste to the wet scar.
  3. Hold the paste in place with a warm compress for 15 minutes.
  4. Rinse the area and repeat daily.

Before trying any of the remedies above, thoroughly wash and dry the scar and the area around it. Also, only use these remedies on scars — not open wounds. Should any of these remedies cause any irritation, stop use immediately.

The takeaway

If you want to make a scar look less noticeable, you may want to try a natural remedy. There are many people who believe that natural remedies can get the job done.

As with any home remedy, have a conversation with your doctor before starting. Your doctor can offer insights and recommendations about which remedies you should or should not try.