Things to Consider Before Getting Your Pool Removed

Hiring a reputed pool removal Sydney company can be very advantageous. They get the job done in a clean and clear manner. A fear of a gas or a water pipeline bursting is always present within nervous house-owners. This concern is put to rest as these contractors carry out the demolition process after careful study of the surroundings of your home. Most important of all, they do provide a level of trust that the job will be done in a safe and professional manner.

Hiring the services of a pool removal company in Annapolis, MD, can be a very costly affair. Here are a few things that need to be considered before hiring these services.

  • Check if the pool removal contractor that you have hired has a valid license. There are many companies that have undertaken such contracts with an expired license.
  • Paying the entire amount in the start is not such a great idea. It is advised to pay about 10% of the entire amount in advance and the remaining after the job is complete. There have been cases where people are left with no funds and a big incomplete hole in their lawn as the contractors have taken the entire amount before completing the project and have left it incomplete.
  • Every deal that is undertaken needs to be present in writing. This will avoid any scams and confusions in the long run. This measure comes in handy especially when it deals with payments. If payments are made in installments, then it is necessary to get a receipt for every payment made.
  • Before performing any of the above mentioned prevention measures, it is absolutely crucial to get a permit for the pool removal process in Annapolis, MD. This permit is specifically asked for, by people who wish to buy your house when you decide to sell it.
  • Double check if there is a penalty for cancellation of services.

These are some of the measures that need to be taken in order to get your pool removal process conducted successfully. With inflation and increase in the cost of living many Americans, today, face the problem of maintaining and repairing their swimming pools. Whatever the reason, the number of people opting to remove their swimming pool is constantly raising. This is where hiring a swimming pool demolition expert is needed. The internet has made it very simple for you to choose the most ideal pool removal company in Annapolis, MD, but your choice must be based solely on your research.

10 Historical Facts About Surfing You Didn’t Know

Calling all Boogers! From Hodads, Shubees and Hang-Ten blokes! Surf’s up!

These are terms you will commonly hear in places with sand and waves and not in snow capped locations. Boogers are not those nasty things that your pesky brother picks out of his nose. In surf lingo it means body boarder. Hodad is a surfing term for a beginner or non-surfer. Shubee is a surfing term for someone who is dressed and equipped for the activity but has never surfed in their entire life, while Hang Ten is one of the most complicated and difficult surfing tricks. Interesting as the sport and its lingo, surfing has a lot of rich history about it that makes it such a well-loved sport through generations. Here are 10 interesting historical facts on a sport that has captured the hearts of many all over the world. Surfing app is interesting if you are an enthusiast of surfing.

1. Peruvians declared that surfing started out from their fishermen 4000 years ago but the source of the Polynesian people say that surfing started during the migration of the Pacific Islands like Indonesia, Fiji, Tahiti and Hawaii were surfing started.

2. Hawaiians perfected the art of standing on a board over 1000 years ago. Hawaiian Kings would use a big balsa board 18-25ft long while the rest of the people used a small balsa board.

3. Surfing was bought back in 1779 by Captain James Cook right after his lieutenant James King’s writings were published. When the British first came to Hawaii they practised their religion and beliefs and they thought that surfing caused fornication which brought a ban to the sport.

4. Tom Blake was the first surfer to surf Malibu beach and won the first Pacific Coast Surf Championship in 1926.

5. Hawaiian Duke Kahanamoku brought surfing to Australia in 1915, at the Freshwater Harbour in Sydney. His surfboard is now kept at the Freshwater Surf Lifesaving Club in Sydney.

6. The first boards that were simple wooden boards that were heavy, fin-less and very hard to control.

7. Tom Blake was the one who made the hollow board which was lighter and floated, but was still hard to control. In 1937 the board outline changed when a teenager cut the V shape right into the tale which made it easy for a surfer to ride the bigger waves.

8. A man called George Downing studied the waves in Makaha Valley where waves can reach 20ft high, after the study he designed a new big wave board, and started surfing the big waves. Photographers took photo documentation which took the USA by storm.

9. When it comes to surfing Kelly Slater is the world champion and has won 10 world titles since 1994. He is both the youngest and oldest world champion in history.

10. The Eddie Aikau Surfing Competition was where riding the big waves started. The first event was in 1984/85 at Sunset Beach. The event was then transferred to Waimea as Quicksilver stepped in to promote the event. Swells of up to 35 feet are found on the Waimea bay, and in 1997/98 the waves were so big that the event did not push through.

Surfing is a sport that breaks language, culture and racial barriers. It has successfully done so over the years producing a lot of individuals who have in return contributed much to the sport. To some, surfing may be a passion, a fad, a craze, or an obsession, but to the founders and pillars of the sport, it was passion for surfing that created the biggest swell of surfers worldwide.

Slater Adams is an experienced writer that is also a massive fan of surfing. He has enjoyed the sport from the moment he learned to surf through to his many surfing adventures across Australia. Slater Adams thinks everyone can participate in surfing and hopes that more people participate in the sport. If you are interested in surfing you should find out more today and before you know it you’ll be enjoying your very own surfing course.

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What to Know Prior to You Hire a Domestic Electrician to do Home Improvements

When managing electrical power throughout your home improvement task, you would like to know that the electrician Brisbane Southside gotten approved for the work that you are employing them to execute. Besides, when dealing with electricity, there is a real capacity for injury, or perhaps fatality, if the person is not experienced in the proper methods to collaborate with it. For the best outcomes, it is needed to complete a little research study to make sure that you know exactly what types of certification an electrical contractor is required to hold in your state. We have electrician Brisbane Southside to handle repairs, installation switchboard upgrades and emergency electrical services for homes & offices.

Although each state may have somewhat various needs in order for an individual to be licensed as an electrical contractor, there are a few essentials that need to be covered in nearly all states. Electrical experts need to go to some type of college courses in order to become licensed. Collaborating with mathematics is a daily requirement when starting the trip to ending up being a domestic electrician. A solid mathematics quality beginning in senior high school is highly suggested. On top of that, specialized course work in electrical components, the way they work, and also how you can fix them is required.

Relying on the state in which you live, there are a specific number of hours of specialized course job that should be completed. Lots of states additionally need a time period throughout which the potential electrical contractor is an apprentice as well as works under a much more seasoned electrician. At the end of the apprentice domestic electrician time period, an examination in which a certification could be granted is usually needed. Knowing that the electrician you have employed to rewire your fuse box has these certifications will assist to make sure that the work is completed in a satisfactory manner.

When searching for an electrician to complete house enhancement help you, ask to see their state certification. Additionally, you will certainly want to know for how long the electrical contractor was an apprentice and at which profession school or university they attended lessons. While a recent graduate or accredited domestic electrician might lack some experience dealing with their very own, that alone should not deter you from retaining their services.

To find a electrical technician Ahmedabad to rewire your restroom throughout your following home renovation project, you could call your local profession institution, university or your neighborhood International Brotherhood of Electric Employees (IBEW) for referrals. One more area to solicit suggestions is from next-door neighbors, buddies, as well as family. A 3rd option is online. The online alternative opens a world where you and also the electrical expert could speak about the range of the work along with bargain a reasonable rate, all as are practical for you.

Create Animations For Mobile User Interfaces That Meet The Needs of Users

Create animations for mobile user interfaces that meet the needs of users. To start with use help for concept board frames artist Sydney to plot your story.

Surface animation is an integral part of developing a digital product, application or website. Think about how rarely you encounter an application or website that does not have at least one animated UI element. At Yalantis, we follow a thorough approach to creating animations and try not to miss details. In this article, you’ll learn why animation is needed, what to look at when creating, and how to create animations for mobile apps from a designer’s point of view. How is animation used in mobile applications? One of the main goals of Motion Design is to improve usability.

Apps animations help users recognize links between UI elements and views. Give users feedback so they know what’s going on. Display the hierarchy of pages and screens; and draw attention to important elements and functions. List bounces, processing bars, hover effects, and click effects enhance usability and ease of use. Sophisticated motion design makes a user interface more predictable, easier to navigate and navigate, faster and more convenient. In addition, it brings joy and makes the experience unforgettable. The way the UI elements interact with each other and with the user determines the overall impression and experience of using your product. What’s the process of creating animations? Creating animations and motion design is in the final phase of the design process. Before that, there are five basic phases of app design: research, wireframing, prototyping, testing, and visual design.

These stages are iterative so that they can be executed in a different order depending on the requirements. The first step in creating UI animations for mobile apps is prototyping, even if some ideas come earlier during sketching or wireframe. At the prototyping stage, we create and test our initial ideas and create sketches for interactions (animations) that will later be detailed and perfected. Most of the visual style in the prototyping stage is not yet defined. The main output of this level is the general page structure, which may be changed in future iterations as well. That’s why, at the prototyping stage, we create so-called low-fidelity prototypes of interactions with minimal details. This saves time and allows us to test further ideas.

The bulk of the motion design takes place after the entire visual style has been approved and all UI screens are ready.

For example, when working on one of our projects, we had users select multiple elements and visually display that selection with a real-world analogy: putting things in a supermarket basket and seeing what’s already there and what’s missing.

After making demands, we looked for references for a particular case and then sketched ideas with a pencil. After testing each of these ideas, we created the animation using Principle for Mac.

What should be considered when creating animations for mobile applications?

Follow the guidelines of the platform

When creating animations, you should always consider the latest trends for mobile UI designs and the design guidelines for the platform you design for. For example, following the detailed material design recommendations, you can create a good motion design surface without any special research. Also, this interface will already be familiar to your users.

However, we are often confronted with cases where the solutions provided by the guidelines are not enough and we need to create something new. In such cases we start with a pencil and a notebook to search for ideas. We invent movements, interactions of surface elements and transitions between them on paper and polish them later.

Meet the brand identity and needs of your target audience

The overall style and mood of the animations as well as their connection to the brand are also important in enabling good interactions. In many cases, animations need to match the basic idea of the product and the needs of its target audience. For example, when creating an app for children, bright colors, bouncing effects, and animated characters are a great way to create an interactive experience and create the right mood. But in other cases, such a playful approach may be inappropriate.

Also read: To develop apps for children and avoid typical mistakes

The above techniques are used not only for children’s apps and websites, but also in products that focus on gaming and friendliness.

Do not forget the ethical and social norms

There are tricky cases where you have checked everything and thought about each part, but there is still a small detail that becomes a big problem. Here is an example of one of our own oversights.

We had to create an animation for gender selection while onboarding the Talos app. Talos is a fitness application that adapts to each user and provides recommendations based on user data. To make this possible, the app asks users a few simple questions when it comes to onboarding. One of the first questions concerns the gender of the user. In the following animation you will see one of our solutions. At first glance, everything is fine; The control is based on a standard switch and works flawlessly.

Later, however, we realized that this particular control should be redesigned – male is set as the default gender. During the testing period, we received some negative feedback from users who called this solution sexist. When creating the interface and animations, consider not only the technical side and ease of use, but also cultural norms. You do not want to lose users because of insensitivity. How to choose a tool for designing animations? There are a number of popular motion design and prototyping tools, including Principle for Mac, Flinto, Framer, After Effects, Origami Studio and Form. Your choice of mobile animation software should depend on your goals. Principle and Flinto Principle and Flinto are the easiest to use. At the same time, there are a number of limitations, such as the inability to implement 3D animations and export specifications for developers. In addition, animations always appear between artboards, which means that a serious prototype can quickly become messy.

Therefore, you must use some additional tools. With Principle and Flinto, you can quickly prototype and create custom animations. After Effects After Effects is not intended for prototyping. However, it has a variety of tools and resources to create various animation types. With its built-in plug-ins it has tools for exporting an animation into code. However, it is a bit harder to master than Principle or Flinto. Framer, origami studio and form Framer, Origami Studio, and Form are powerful tools for prototyping, though each has a steep learning curve. They are based on coding or visual programming.

In terms of development, there is one important detail that you need to consider when selecting the right tool for your needs – delivery. Today, there is no universally accepted standard for providing prototypes and animations for developers. Some designers manually create specifications for each micro-interaction.

Some developers send a video or GIF file and then help the developer describe the process. Some combine both methods. This is because the tools listed above either have capabilities to solve delivery problems or only partially solve them. If we need to quickly create a working, clickable prototype with custom animations and transitions, we’ll choose Principle or Flinto. If we have to deliver the result to a developer who works remotely, we work in Framer, Origami Studio, or After Effects (there are some useful plug-ins for After Effects that export animation to code, including Lottie, Bodymovin, and InspectorSpacetime).

A few tips to top it off Prepare your layout for import into the prototyping tool This is especially important when creating an animation for an already-approved user interface with many details and elements. To further simplify your work, you should carefully structure the components in your layout: give levels meaningful names, group layers together, remove unnecessary layers, and merge the components you do not want to animate into one or two elements. For example, if you create a scrolling animation of content in a list, you do not need to use each element of the list as a separate layer, not to mention all the icons and buttons.

Watch the duration of your animations No matter how fun it is to animate static models and play with bounce effects and splashes, remember that what you create is not a cartoon but an interface. If you abuse animations, they will overload your UX instead of improving it. One of the most important features of an animation is its duration. Too long animations let users wait, what nobody likes.

To define the right duration, use your own sense of time and guidelines. For example, in the Material Design Guidelines, there is a special movement section. Use the information in these guidelines to easily create an effective and functional motion design. Another reference you can use is the 12 Principles of Animation from the Disney Studio. Based on years of Disney experience, these principles show how to create more natural, vivid and realistic animations. But when using animations to enhance a mobile app, do not forget to create a user interface, not a cartoon!

Call an Electrician for Help with Potentially Dangerous Problems

An electrician can help you with your household needs. If you suspect that something is wrong with your electricity, you should contact a professional right away. Although many people believe that they can correct issues associated with their electricity, only qualified electrician Brisbane 24 hours should work on electrical problems. They make the job look easy. You can become seriously hurt if you tamper with electricity without the proper qualifications. Electrical accident can be deadly.

Having ragged wires or having too many plugs in an outlet can create a safety hazard. It might be worthwhile to have a professional come to your home and provide you with a safety inspection. He or she could also help you with any outlets that are not working properly. If you attempt to plug an appliance into an outlet and the product does not respond, you might be having problems with the circuitry rather than the product. You can save money by contacting an electrician to inspect and correct problems with your wiring rather than buying new products that will not work properly.

Old and poor wiring in the home can also cause a fire hazard. House fires are often caused from wiring problems. If nothing else, contacting a professional to inspect your home might give you the peace of mind, knowing that your home is not as likely to catch on fire due to faulty wiring. Professional electricians can come to your home and complete simple wiring projects. For example, if you would like new outdoor or indoor lighting, this professional can come and install your lights. You can buy your own lights and he or she will handle the wiring. Contact an electrician to determine if this service is available.

When the lights go out, most people think that it is a power failure, but you could be having a problem with your electricity. If you find that your power shuts off even when you have paid your bill, you should contact these professionals to help you. You might want to contact the company first, just to be sure that there is no problem with your bill. If you find out that your bill has been paid and everything should be working properly, the electrician should be your next call.

Some professionals have emergency hours, so you do not have to be apprehensive about calling during off hours. The professionals might be able to come to your home within a few hours of your call. He or she should be able to determine the problem and inform you of the cost to correct the issue. Because electricity is vital to your personal comfort, it is one issue that should be attended to as soon as possible. Take note you might not be able to keep warm, keep cool, cook, or see well without power to your home. During an emergency situation you might not have the luxury of contacting several different professionals. It is a good idea to find a professional to call so you will have him or her available when an emergency arises.

An Electrician for Green Energy Consumption

Going green is an incredibly popular trend right now. People are buying cars that run on alternative or minimal fuel. They are recycling their bottles, cans, and paper. They use recyclable grocery bags to save paper and plastic. What not everyone realizes is that the largest energy consumption and the least efficient aspect of almost everyone’s life is his or her electrical system. We waste inordinate amounts of energy by leaving lights on and other wasteful behaviors. Many try to remedy these problems themselves but really the best thing to do is to hire an electrician to help green the home. They will have the knowledge and skill to retrofit the home to better conserve resources. This will save not only the environment but also money. Electrician Brisbane Southside provides interior and exterior electrical home services for traditional and contemporary Brisbane homes.

The first thing that an electrician will be able to do to help with reducing waste is examining the current set up of electronics and appliances and determine where there may be phantom loads. Phantom load is the term for electricity that is being drawn from the grid but is not being used. This occurs with appliances and electronics left plugged in but on standby.

The number one offenders are actually chargers for cellular phones and computers. These are often left plugged in without being used. While plugged in they continuously draw and it adds up fast. The other culprit is power strips that have many things plugged into them but none of them are being used currently. In these situations the best thing to do is turn them off when not in use. Alternately, they can be simply unplugged.

Next an electrician will be able to help find and install more efficient appliances. Refrigerators for one use a tremendous amount of electricity in ways that are terribly inefficient. One of the biggest contributors to waste in the home is the heating and cooling system. Often this is left running when no one is home or when he or she are sleeping and is literally just blowing money and resources. A few simple changes like an air conditioner with an energy saver setting, and placing an insulating blanket around the hot water heater can save tremendous amounts of power.

Finally and in many ways the most unique skill afforded by a green electrician is their ability to install alternative energy sources in the home. They will be able to install photovoltaic cells to collect solar energy if the climate is agreeable. Take note this solar power is likely to provide enough power for the whole household and will undoubtedly take a dent out of usage. If sun is not going to work there are other options involving wind or water. Wind power is a fairly burgeoning field and it will soon be much more accessible to consumers. Only a trained electrician will know for sure what the best solution will be and so the time is now to call them and find out.

Top 5 Tools Every Electrician Should Have

Electricians, as with the other trades, require a lion’s share of general use and specialty tools. Let’s take a closer look at the top 5 types of tools that professional electricians customarily use on the job and should be in every electrician’s tool belt. With steady professional emergency 24 hour electricians Melbourne even in fire you are safe.

A flashlight is one of the most essential pieces of related equipment that an electrician can carry. Even if you’re assigned to a site where a flashlight may not seem important, it’s still best to have one because certain situations may require some additional light to help you see. Outlets, sockets, wire boxes, conduits, and pipe are always dark on the inside. Even if the area you are working in has abundant light, you should never try to work inside tiny places or reach inside panels without proper light. Because electricians work with and carry a lot of equipment, many flashlights that electricians carry are light weight, sturdy, yet provide a bright beam of light.

Voltmeters are yet another valuable piece of equipment that electricians utilize to not only work efficiently, but also to work safely. Voltmeters are a tool that measures the electrical potential difference between two points in an electric circuit. An electrician should never assume the circuit that needs to be worked on doesn’t have electricity flowing through them. With a voltmeter, an electrician can test the circuits and see if they are in fact “live.” Based on the readings made from the voltmeter, the electrician can properly and safely address the circuits and plan the best route to make necessary repairs.

A very good pair of wire strippers is also important. Wire strippers are small, hand-held tools, very similar to scissors, which are used to cut the unbound insulation surrounding the wire without actually cutting the wire itself. With the insulation removed and the wire exposed, an electrician can connect those wires to switches, conductors, or anything with requires to run on that electrical circuit.

Pliers are also a vital piece of equipment. Pliers can serve many functions for an electrician. Pliers can be used for tightening and loosening, providing much extra needed grip for the electrician, cutting blade for wires, pulling wires through locations, twisting wires, and a miriad of other functions. Pliers are indeed a very important multi-purpose tool for an electrician to have.

Draw Tape, or draw wire, is also a very important tool and electrician can have. Usually called “fish tape”, draw tape is a tool an electrician would use to route guide string for new wiring through pipes, walls, or electrical conduit.

Draw tape is a long, narrow band of medium-carbon steel that’s coiled, placed on a reel. Because it’s made of medium-carbon steel, it can conform to the curvatures of different conduits. The draw tape works by attaching one end of guide string to the end of the draw tape. The draw tape is pushed through the conduit with the guide string attached. Once the draw tape meets the end of the conduit, the wires are tied to the opposite end of the guide sting. By pulling the guide string, this would route the wire through to the end of the conduit.

An electrician can acquire a lot of tools that are needed to complete a job over the course of his or her career. There is no doubt that these tools are the top 5 must have tools of every electrician.

For more types of equipment, please visit Electrician Training Base [http://www.electriciantrainingbase.com/]. Electrician Training Base is a site dedicated to helping everyone begin and advance their career as an Electrician. Start your Electrician training [http://www.electriciantrainingbase.com/] today!

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Portable Generators – Safe Use

The demand for portable generators has increased substantially in recent years. There are myriad reasons for this increase. Emergency portable generators can have significant benefits to individuals and communities, helping to save lives, and lessening the hardships caused by natural disasters and lengthy power outages. Consumers should, however, be aware of the dangers associated with improper use of electric generators. We will highlight a few of these in the following paragraphs. 24 hr electricians Melbourne are responsible for maintaining, troubleshooting and managing different types of electrical systems.

Portable Generators Produce Poisonous Carbon Monoxide

Carbon monoxide is an odorless and colorless gas discharged in generator exhaust. Inhalation of carbon monoxide is often lethal, and a number of deaths occur each year as a result of consumer generator use.

In 2004, the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) studied deaths from generator use following four major hurricanes that struck land in the state of Florida. Powering air conditioners and other appliances during nighttime hours was the primary factor identified in generator-related deaths in the CPSC Florida study, and in each of the cited cases, improper location of the portable generator became key to the tragic outcome. In 2000, two children swimming behind a family houseboat on Utah’s Lake Powell drowned after losing consciousness when a portable generator beneath a swim deck produced dangerous fumes. Once again, poorly planned placement of a consumer-use generator was cited as the primary cause of the tragedy.

Because of many similar incidents, the Consumer Products Safety Commission promulgated in December, 2006 that all new generators sold after March of 2007 be affixed with labels setting forth technical and performance data, in addition to the following warning:

“Using a generator indoors CAN KILL YOU IN MINUTES. Generator exhaust contains carbon monoxide. This is a poison you cannot see or smell. NEVER use (generator) inside a home or garage, EVEN IF doors and windows are open. ONLY use outside and far away from windows, doors, and vents.”

The CDC reported that a small portable generator will produce the carbon-monoxide level of six idling cars, a reality that surprises many consumers. Carbon-monoxide levels can be compounded with generator use because the gas is heavy and tends to linger, making it difficult to expunge from an infected area. This means that generators are never safe to use indoors, including inside of open garages, and that during operation they should be located as far from residential units or buildings as possible. In particular, operation near windows, screen doors, vents, and air conditioning ducts should be avoided. Operators should also note wind direction, and locate generators so that prevailing air currents carry fumes away from nearby buildings or residences.

Though all portable generators produce carbon monoxide, certain models create less CO emissions than others. For example, generators equipped with overhead valve (OHV) engines, a standard design in modern models, produce less carbon monoxide emissions than models sporting older side-valve, pushrod engines. Any consumer who intends to use a portable generator in locations with restricted airflow should seek a model creating the fewest emissions possible.

Portable Generators must be Dry and Free from Debris

Safe emergency portable generator use requires planning. Since portable generators are often used in inclement weather, or during the night when visibility is restricted, understanding how and where to use them in advance is critical. It is best to operate generators only in open areas, and, whenever possible, in locations where the generators will be protected from falling debris like leaves and twigs, and from blowing rain, sleet, or snow. A portable generator should never be wet during operation. An operator should likewise never be standing in water or on damp ground when he or she starts a portable generator. Portable generators should always be grounded according to manufacturers’ recommendations. Methods of grounding vary by generator model, but in general will require that a generator be connected to a fixed metal object (for instance, a cold water pipe – spigots for hoses or sprinklers on the outside of the house can be effective choices for generator use).

If heavy debris falls onto the engine of a portable generator, covering it or restricting air flow, the unit can overheat, producing dangerous levels of heat that in extreme instances can even ignite debris. If possible, an operator should dislodge undesired debris from a generator using pressurized air rather than scooping the debris out by hand.

We recommend placing a portable generator atop a concrete pad which rests at least 15 feet from all residences or buildings. Ideally a small roof should cover the pad, leaving a minimum of three feet of clearance on all sides of the generator for ventilation purposes. Other suggested generator locations are beneath a canopy, or inside an open or well-ventilated shed or carport.

Portable Generators must be Properly Connected

A portable generator should never be plugged directly into a residential electrical system (i.e., a wall outlet). Appliances should either be plugged straight into a generator outlet, or into a generator-ready extension cord (often referred to on packaging as “generator cords”). Since portable generators will be placed outdoors, operators need to be sure that any extension cord employed has been manufacturer-rated for outdoor use, and that it carries the Underwriters Laboratories endorsement for the maximum wattage produced by the generator model. Whenever possible, operators should also avoid routing extension cords in a manner that would create tripping hazards or covering extension cords with combustible carpets or padding which can cause heat build-up and perhaps even fire. Particular care must be taken when using an extension cord in wet conditions. If an extension cord is hot to the touch, it has been overloaded and must be either replaced or its load reduced. Operators should periodically inspect all extension cords for frays, cuts, cracks, exposed wiring, and plug damage, and replace any which have been compromised. An operator should always power on a portable generator before connecting a load to it (this is true whether appliances are to be connected directly or via an extension cord), and when connecting appliances, an operator should first connect the highest-wattage ones.

Rather than plugging appliances into a portable generator directly or via an extension cord, a user may wish to employ an electric transfer switch (which should be installed by a licensed electrician or somebody familiar with building codes in the operator’s area). A transfer switch serves as a bridge between the generator and main circuit-breaker panel of a building or residence. It allows a portable generator to send power directly and safely into a home electrical system. The National Electrical Code (700-6) provides that transfer equipment must be designed and installed to prevent inadvertent interconnection of normal and emergency power sources. In other words, an electric transfer switch needs to stop a potentially-lethal problem known as back feed — electricity being created by a home generator that enters outside power lines where it poses an electrocution risk to unsuspecting power-company workers. In an attempt to ensure that transfer equipment is installed according to code, some local government agencies require that the installer obtain a permit prior to installation. A qualified electrician will know when a permit is needed, and how to go about obtaining one. One type of transfer switch, referred to as a double-pole, double throw model, won’t engage unless outside utility power has been safely disconnected. Models of this kind are an excellent way to ensure that rules of safety are observed.

Operators need to keep something else in mind: Because utility workers are completely vulnerable when working on downed lines, lines that they believe are without power, many municipalities have criminalized the reckless use of portable and home generators. Violators can be subject to harsh fines, and even incarceration if convicted. Improper or reckless employment of portable or home generators can also void homeowners’ insurance in the event of property damage or personal injury. Given the number of drawbacks, engaging a licensed electrician to install transfer equipment is a sound investment.

Operators should take care not to overload a portable generator. In addition to its running watts, all generators have a maximum or surge-watts rating, reserve power which is intended to start appliance motors, and is not available for more than a few seconds at a time. During normal use, appliances connected to a generator should not consume above 80% of the generator’s maximum running watts. This reduces the chance of unintended damage or overheating. The watts used by an appliance will often be listed on a data plate attached to its back or underside. If a data plate cannot be located, a wattage meter which is inserted between an appliance and wall outlet is a good way to determine its exact wattage demands. A list of the average watts used by many common household appliances is also available on our website. Lists like ours are not intended to be comprehensive; however, such lists give some indication of the number and size of appliances a portable or home generator model ought to power safely.

Other Safety Tips for Portable Generators

Portable generators use 12 to 18 gallons of gasoline per day; for this reason, an extended blackout will require substantial fuel reserves. Gasoline, diesel, and other fuels burned by portable generators are highly combustible, and storing substantial amounts of them can be hazardous if done carelessly. We recommend that gasoline be stored in a container meeting American National Standards Institute (ANSI) requirements, as well as any applicable state requirements (the state of California, for example, has more stringent requirements known as “CARB”). ANSI coordinates the development and implementation of voluntary safety standards by United States manufacturers. An ANSI-compliant container will always be prominently marked as such.

It is advisable to use a stabilizer, such as STA-BIL, in gasoline or diesel which will be stored for emergency purposes. The shelf-life of pump gas is roughly six months, and for diesel, roughly a year. Stabilizers can frequently double a fuel’s effective shelf-life. Some stabilizers can endow gasoline with a life span of up to two years, and diesel considerably longer. T-REX recommends that, ideally, gasoline supplies be used and replaced annually. It is good practice to use fuel stored for emergency use in other gas-powered equipment — like chain saws and lawn mowers, ATVs or motorcycles. This guarantees that fuel supplies are replenished, and that gasoline is always ready for use when needed. Having a few extra quarts of oil, air and fuel filters, and spark plugs is also advisable.

There should never be open flames near a portable generator during operation. Flames, including lighted cigarettes, should also be kept away from a generator fuel supply. In particular a candle should never be used to provide illumination when preparing a generator for operation or powering it on.

A portable generator should not be refueled while running. If possible, refueling should occur after the generator engine has been allowed to cool, to prevent inadvertent fire should fuel make contact with a hot surface. To avoid refueling spills, it is always wise to store alongside a generator a funnel that can be used for pouring fuel and a rag to clean up spills. It is also advisable to have a flashlight and fire extinguisher within reach.

Keeping a portable generator in good working condition is important to ensure that it operates efficiently and safely when needed. Most manufacturers recommend that portable or home generators be started and allowed to run for five minutes every three months to insure that they remain ready for use. During down time, fuel tanks should be kept full (topped off). This prevents condensation from accumulating inside the tank, and diluting fuel. Water-saturated fuel can produce starting problems, and the engine may sputter during operation. Unfortunately, few people who purchase portable generators for emergency power needs heed this simple advice. Ignoring it can mean that a generator will not operate when it is most needed. We also advise generator owners to have their units serviced annually by a qualified technician.

It is a sound practice to keep small children away from portable generators. Even if a generator is being operated in a safe and well-ventilated area, its engine parts can become burning hot during normal use.

Finally, certain portable generator models are safer than others. Emergency generators are not intended for daily use, but are built to provide continuous occasional power in an emergency, or during a natural disaster or blackout. Inexpensive models can be more susceptible than top brands to heat failure, and heat failure in extreme instances can start fires. There are many inexpensive generators on the market — while inexpensive does not mean bad or unreliable, lower-priced brands may not last as long, or be as safe, as their higher-priced counterparts.


Here is a summary checklist of safety tips for portable-generator operators:

oOperators should always read the operating instructions or user’s manual before starting or using a portable generator. For best results and ultimate safety, an operator should adhere to these instructions. Generator owners should never remove warning stickers or safety devices from their models.

oA user should be familiar with the sound of his or her portable generator during normal operations. This allows for quick and easy identification of a problem during use; if a problem is detected, operators must immediately power down the unit.

oA portable generator should be used only outdoors and as far away as possible from open windows, air conditioners, vents or air-conditioning ducts.

oUsers should check wind direction to ensure that during operation, exhaust emissions are being blown away from buildings and residences.

oThere should be plenty of ventilation on all sides of a portable generator.

oA portable generator should be operated only in clean, dry locations. A permanent or temporary shelter may need to be built to house a portable generator during its operation. An operator should never touch any generator unless his or her hands are dry.

oA portable generator should be properly grounded before use to prevent inadvertent electric shocks.

oAn undersized or frayed extension cord should never be used with a portable generator. If an extension cord becomes hot to the touch during use, it has been overloaded and the operator needs to replace it immediately with a larger cord, or power down the generator. Operators should always route extension cords to minimize tripping hazards.

oA generator should never be connected to an existing residential wiring system unless a DPDT electric transfer switch is used to prevent back feed, and isolate generator power from external lines.

oThe main circuit breaker in a home or building should be turned off before any appliances are connected to a portable generator.

oOperators should ensure that generators are not overloaded by too many or too-large appliances; it is a good safe practice never to attach enough appliances to exceed 80% of a generator’s running watts.

oFuel for the portable generator should be stored in a safe ANSI-compliant container.

oThere should never be open flame near a portable generator during operation or fueling.

oA user should power down and, if possible, allow to cool, a portable generator prior to refueling.

oA generator should be serviced at least annually even if it has not seen use. Unless an owner is qualified, it is best to engage a specialist for generator service or repairs.


This article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to serve as a substitute for, or replacement of, the operating instructions or user’s manual of any generator, regulations or guidance promulgated by government agencies, or recommendations made by qualified electricians. Generators should be used only in accordance with manufacturers’ instructions.

This article was prepared by the management of T-REX Generators. T-REX Generators is a virtual warehouse mega-store specializing in portable generators and generator accessories. We carry portable generators for natural disasters and emergency preparedness, job sites, recreation, and home back-up power needs. By supplying superior generators from industry-leading manufacturers, and maintaining a low-cost structure, T-REX is able to assure consumers that every generator purchased from us is a top value. For more information, visit our website at http://www.trexgenerators.com.

This article was written by James F. Jensen.

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Two Wire Receptacle Conversion

About 10 or so years ago the National Electric Code came out with a change that made it permissible to do away with those annoying adapters for converting 2-prong outlets to 3-prong outlets. It also provided a method which makes this possible with no wiring changes. If you are familiar with GFCI outlets, if you have a bathroom with an outlet in it you are, that is the key ingredient to this fix. A GFCI receptacle works on the difference in potential between the hot and neutral that is why a 3rd wire, or ground, is not required.This fix while relatively simple will require a little detective work. Electrician 24 hours Melbourne work includes new wiring, rewiring and extensions which have to be tested before the supply is turned on.

In all my articles I stress the importance of maintaining your panel schedule this project is a very good reason why. You will first need to identify your receptacle circuits. Get a count of how many receptacle circuits you have and how many 2-prong outlets you have. Don’t count the kitchen that is an entirely different situation and project. For each circuit you will need 1 GFCI outlet and the corresponding number of 3-prong outlets to replace the 2-prong outlets. It is important to note that GFCI outlets come in 15 amp and 20 amp so you will need to know your wire size to size your outlets correctly. #14 requires 15 amp outlet, #12 requires 20 amp outlet. All non-GFCI outlet amperages should match GFCI amperage.

Now the detective work begins. The first step is to find the first outlet in the circuit. Chances are good that the outlet closest to your panel is first in the circuit, but not always. This is the outlet that will be replaced withe GFCI outlet. After shutting off the breaker, safety first, remove the suspected first outlet and cap off all wires with approved wire nuts. Plug in a tester or if you don’t have a plug-in tester a lamp will do. Make sure you test the lamp on another live circuit to make sure it works. Now turn your breaker on, if your light is on install a 3-prong outlet where you removed the outlet and try another outlet. If your light is off congratulations you found it on the first try. Go ahead and install your GFCI outlet there and replace all others with the 3-prong outlets. Make sure when you are working with the wiring and installing the outlets your circuit breaker is OFF! Do not attempt to make any wiring changes on an energized circuit!

When you are installing your outlets you will find 2 sometimes 3 sets of wires in the box. Do not attach all the wires to the receptacle. There should only be one set of wires on all receptacles except for the GFCI. When you find more than 1 set of wires you must twist the like wires together and make pigtails to the outlets. Simply stated twist all the blacks together with one added black to attach to the receptacle (the pigtail), then twist all the whites together again with one added white to attach to the receptacle (the pigtail), and attach the pigtails to the receptacle. The black wire attaches to the brass screw if you can’t tell which screw is brass, then look at the front of the receptacle, the short slot is the black slot. Attach the white to the silver screw again if you can’t tell it is the long slot on the front of the receptacle. The GFCI is a little different.

When installing a GFCI it is very important that you pay attention to LINE and LOAD. Line being the wires coming from the panel, and Load being the wires going out to the other outlets. If they are swapped the receptacle will not function properly. The screw colors are the same as well as the slot size. This time when you will only need to pigtail if there are 3 sets of wires, if there are only two no pigtailing is necessary. Install the GFCI and turn the breaker on. If the GFCI resets you are done, if it won’t reset it is probably installed incorrectly (LINE and LOAD swapped). A GFCI will not reset if power is not supplied to the LINE side. When you have wired your receptacle correctly, turn your breaker on then press the test button on the GFCI. All the receptacles on your circuit should be off.

As with any electrical project, if you are uncomfortable or unsure of what you are doing, contact a qualified electrician to assist you. Always be SAFE!

My name is Al Logue. I am a Master Electrician with 20+ years experience in the electrical trade. My focus now is to help the average homeowner to safely deal with electrical problems and to educate them on ways to save money on their electric bills. Take note electricity can be intimidating and scary, but if you respect what it can do, and know your limitations, I will guide you in successfully navigating your electrical system with confidence. These articles are not intended to replace your electrician, but to guide you in minor electrical repairs. They are also to assist you in giving your electrician as much useful information as possible.

Always Be Safe!

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What Electrical Course Would Suit Me?

Electrical energy and the power sector play an important role within all of our everyday lives. Everybody is reliant upon a dependable along with continuous output of energy, and on qualified individuals that will control it. Fundamentally the work involves fitting, maintaining and also testing electrical systems, equipment and devices under exact safety legislation. A complete statement compiled by way of Summit Skills released that, during ’09, there had been a total of over 600k workers employed in the electric trade around Great Britain. So, with a great demand from customers for competent workers, why not harvest the returns and develop into a domestic electrician yourself? Trained electrician Melbourne CBD give you peace of mind, quality work that lasts, and most importantly is done safely.

And likewise with plumbing engineers and builders, domestic electrical engineers may well end up with numerous great referrals – in the event that their buyers reckon they have carried out a proficient job. Which means you are going to be costing yourself profit, when you are not appropriately mannered and considerate towards everybody you work with.

The specialized sector bodies supplying the best regarded certifications are almost always EAL coupled with C&G (City & Guilds). College leavers bolt-on National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) onto the City & Guilds by way of occupational placings within the marketplace. This ordinarily will require 3 to 4 years. Senior entrants generally learn from curriculum’s within their own time on a partial distance-learning grounds. This kind of training programme prepares enrollees generally for home-based contracts, and thus removes the requirement of the more lengthy NVQ’s or SVQ’s. Private electrical-related training organizations could get trainees through their particular courses and out and about within just a few months. This cuts the overall qualification group, but it meets the actual market requirements for those areas called for, and for that reason provides a quicker plus more direct route to the field.

A driving force so as to get back into schooling, can often be motivated via a person’s aim to do business for themselves. As a matter of fact, a vast majority of those people which have re-trained either end up as contract trades-people or sometimes self-employed. And moreover, because this demand for electro-mechanical labor within people’s houses continues unabated, you’ll find it highly likely to remain. At times, men or women having alternative trade competence really want electro-mechanical experience, which can give their small business increased credibility. And additionally, a number of individuals just take electrician’s programs so as to properly install a replacement kitchen in the home as an example.

It’s usual for employed electrician tradesmen to put in about a Forty hour working week – occasionally with added overtime. Common wages during 09 ended up being around 26,000, reported on SalaryTrack 09. Then again, domestic electricians who’re self-employed will anticipate more irregular working hours, although they may receive a higher price. They’ll also have to set aside for additional commercial overhead, which includes specific tools and travel, in addition to accounting and admin costs.

While course contents may well differ a little bit, each and every level Two EAL Domestic Specialist package will certainly adopt a proven path. Your course should certainly focus on standard cabling concepts – installing modern electrical systems, rewiring real estate, and fitting devices and so forth. As a variety of key skills are a legal requirement, you will be trained in the essentials to complete ‘Part P’ – the particular title today assigned to relatively new legislation intended for domestic electrical work. The 17th Edition IEE Cabling Regulations is normally a further prerequisite for electro-mechanical trades-people. Once you’ve studied sufficiently plus gotten certified in these areas, you’ll be able to both undertake, as well as self-certify, your own home-based jobs.

Domestic training such as that just detailed will probably take a person hundreds of hrs, dispersed through what ever time period you end up picking. The moment you have accomplished your necessary skills and accreditation, you should have skills that could set you up for life.

Precisely what kind of capabilities do electrical engineers want? Because electricians make use of specialist tools, and therefore are usually fairly hands-on virtually all of the time, you are required to be a practical type. Since health and safety is considered to be vital, you want to be logical along with well disciplined. Take note a number of domestic electricians operate on their own for a large amount of the working day, which means you ought to be quite independent. You would additionally have need of an outstanding head for heights, because your job isn’t always at floor height! Ultimately, if you’re preparing to work for yourself, you can expect to have a need for stacks of initiative in addition to self-motivation.

(C) 2009 – J. Kendall.

Visit Click HERE [http://www.electricianqualification.co.uk] or Electrician Training Courses [http://www.electricianstrainingcourses.co.uk].

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